Primitive Platyrrhines?

Perspectives on Anthropoid Origins from Platyrrhine, Parapithecid, and Preanthropoid Postcrania
  • Susan M. Ford
Part of the Advances in Primatology book series (AIPR)


Despite much effort over many years, we still have only a poorly resolved and hotly contended understanding of the relationships among major primate groups, both fossil and living (see recent review, Martin, 1993) (Fig. D. Anthropoids have long been assumed to have originated from a known North American Eocene group, either among the Omomyidae (e.g., MacPhee and Cartmill, 1986; Rosenberger and Dagosto, 1992; Rosenberger and Szalay, 1980; Szalay, 1975; Wortman, 1904) or the Adapidae (Gidley, 1923; Gingerich, 1980, 1984; Rasmussen, 1986, 1990; Rasmussen and Simons, 1992). New discoveries of early anthropoids, possible anthropoids, or preanthro-poids from middle Eocene to early Oligocene beds in North Africa, the Arabian peninsula, and Asia (de Bonis et al., 1988; Ciochon and Holroyd, Chapter 6, this volume; Ciochon et al., 1985; Godinot and Mahboubi, 1992; Pickford, 1986; Culotta, 1992; Sigé et al., 1990; Simons, 1990, 1992; Thomas et al., 1988, 1989; and perhaps the enigmatic new find from Jebel Chambi, Tunisia: Court, 1993), while exciting, have acutally raised more questions than they have answered, reopening in particular the possibility that the anthropoid lineage predates any of the known North American Eocene primate groups (Hershkovitz, 1974; Hoffstetter, 1974a,b, 1980).


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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susan M. Ford
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologySouthern Illinois UniversityCarbondaleUSA

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