The Different Meanings of a Tarsioid — Anthropoid Clade and a New Model of Anthropoid Origin

  • D. Tab Rasmussen
Part of the Advances in Primatology book series (AIPR)


Since the early part of this century there has been widespread but not universal acceptance of the idea that among the living prosimians the species most closely related to anthropoids are the extant tarsiers. This idea of a tarsieranthropoid clade among the living primates was first clearly formulated by Hubrecht (1896, 1902, 1908, 1909), Wortman (1903, 1904a,b), and Pocock (1918) on the basis of placentation, intrabullar carotid circulation, and the structure of the upper lip and rhinarium, among other features. Since then, additional morphological, biochemical, and molecular resemblances between tarsiers and anthropoids have been identified and promoted as shared-derived features indicating common ancestry (e.g., Luckett, 1974; Noback, 1975; Hershkovitz, 1977; Cartmill, 1980; Baba et al., 1982; MacPhee and Cartmill, 1986; Pollock and Mullin, 1987). Contradictory and ambiguous evidence regularly appears (Starck, 1956; Barnicot and Hewett-Emmett, 1974; Sarich and Cronin, 1976; Cronin and Sarich, 1980; Bonner et al., 1980; Mai, 1985; Poorman et al., 1985), but usually these results have been ignored or are considered to have resulted from methodological errors or convergent evolution.


Fossil Record World Monkey Middle Eocene Late Eocene Continental Drift 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Tab Rasmussen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyWashington UniversitySt. LouisUSA

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