Advertisement

Executive Careers

  • Milton Greenblatt
Part of the Topics in Social Psychiatry book series (TSPS)

Abstract

As was stated earlier, in psychiatry the importance of the art and science of administration has been relatively underplayed due largely to the discipline’s emphasis on clinical services on a one-to-one basis in a close physician–patient relationship. Recent reports suggest, however, that of the approximately 37,200 psychiatrists who belong to the American Psychiatric Association, thousands spend at least part of their time on administrative duties. A strong case can be made in support of the view that administrative abilities are necessary in any psychiatrist’s career. For example, young residents working with patients in a complex clinical milieu must integrate the skills of a number of professionals and paraprofessionals. Those who supervise wards assume executive responsibilities for many patients and personnel; they must become concerned with the relationship between the ward they supervise and other parts of the institution. Soon they become aware of extrainstitutional pressures and forces that impinge on their work. By the time a young psychiatrist takes charge of a teaching program, day-care facility, or outpatient department—or steps up even further to director of education or clinical director of a facility—he necessarily becomes enmeshed in a whole range of administrative functions and activities.

Keywords

Mental Health Harvard Business Review Mental Health Program Public Mental Health Mental Health Organization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    National Institute of Mental Health: Mental Health Directory. Rockville, Maryland, National Institute of Mental Health, 1971Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors, Washington, D.C.: Data for 1981 received in personal communication.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Greenblatt M, Rose SO: Illustrious psychiatric administrators. Amer J Psychiatry 134: 626–630, 1977Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gaver KD, Norman ML, Greenblatt, M: Life at the state summit: Views and experiences of 18 psychiatric leaders. Hosp & Comm Psychiatry 35: 233–238, 1984Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Greenblatt M, Gaver KD, Sherwood E: After commissioner, what? Amer J Psychiatry 142: 752–754, 1985Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Greenblatt M, Sherwood E: Leadership in mental health, in Pressley LC, Donald, AG (eds), A Symposium on Public Psychiatry in Honor of William S. Hall, M.D. Supplementary Volume to the Psychiatric Forum. Columbia, South Carolina, William S. Hall Psychiatric Institute, 1987, pp 30–37Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Greenblatt M: Stresses and rewards of administrative life, with some “wise” recommendations, in Liberman RP, Yager J (eds): Stress in Psychiatry (Festschrift volume in honor of Ransom Arthur). (submitted for publication)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gaver KD, Norman, ML, Greenblatt, M: Life at the state summit: Views and experiences of 18 psychiatric leaders. Hosp & Comm Psychiatry 35: 233–238, 1984Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Greenblatt M, Rose SO: Illustrious psychiatric administrators. Amer J Psychiatry 134: 626–630, 1977Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Greenblatt M, Sherwood E, Pasnau, RO: Psychiatric residency, role models, and leadership. Amer J Psychiatry 143: 764–767, 1986Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Perkins DS: From interviews conducted by EGC Collins and P Scott with FJ Lunding, GL Clements, and DS Perkins, in Everyone who makes it has a mentor. Reprinted from Harvard Business Review, July-August 1978, Number 78403, in Harvard Business Review: Paths Toward Personal Progress: Leaders Are Made, Not Born. Cambridge, Mass., President and Fellows of Harvard College, 1983Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Barton WE: Vanishing American—mental hospital administrators and commissioners. Ment Hosp 13: 55–61, 1962PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Katz RL: Skills of an effective administrator. Reprinted from Harvard Business Review, September-October 1974, Number 74509, in Harvard Business Review: Paths Toward Personal Progress: Leaders Are Made, Not Born. Cambridge, Mass., President and Fellows of Harvard College, 1983Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Nichols RG, Stevens LA: Listening to people. Reprinted from Harvard Business Review, September-October 1957, Number 57507, in Harvard Business Review: Paths Toward Personal Progress: Leaders Are Made, Not Born. Cambridge, Mass., President and Fellows of Harvard College, 1983Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Nichols RG, Stevens LA: Listening to people. Reprinted from Harvard Business Review, September-October 1957, Number 57507, in Harvard Business Review: Paths Toward Personal Progress: Leaders Are Made, Not Born. Cambridge, Mass., President and Fellows of Harvard College, 1983Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Bennis W, Nanus B: Leaders: The Strategies for Taking Charge. New York, Harper & Row, 1985Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Follett MP: Power, in Metcalf HC, Urwick L (eds): Dynamic Administration: The Collected Papers of Mary Parker Follett. New York, Harper & Bros., 1942Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Coolidge, C: In statement distributed to agents of New York Life Insurance Co.; according to LE Wikander, Curator, Calvin Coolidge Memorial Room, Forbes Library, Northampton, Mass., in a letter to Abigail Van Buren (Dear Abby), Los Angeles Times, July 22, 1990, p. E4Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Emerson RW: Self-reliance, in Emerson RW: Essays and English Traits. New York, PF Collier & Son, 1909Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kotin J, Sharaf, MR: Management succession and administrative style. Psychiatry 30: 237–248, 1967PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    L’Etang H: The Pathology of Leadership. London, Heinemann, 1969. See also L’Etang H: Fit to Lead. London, Heinemann, 1980; L’Etang H: Facing disability. Nursing Times 67: 11221123, 1971; L’Etang H: Diseases, Decision Makers, and Doctors. Transaction Studies, College of Physicians, Philadelphia 40:30–38, 1972Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Rogow AA: James Forrestal: A Study of Personality, Politics and Policy. New York, Macmillan, 1963Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    George AL, George JL: Woodrow Wilson and Colonel House. A Personality Study. New York, Dover 1986Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Wilson TW: A Psychological Study: Sigmund Freud and William C. Bullett. Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1967Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Fabricant ND: 13 Famous Patients. Philadelphia, Chilton, 1960Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Barach AL: Franklin Roosevelt’s illness. NY State J Med 2154–2157, 1977Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Group for the Advancement of Psychiatry, Committee on Governmental Agencies: The VIP with Psychiatric Impairment. New York, Group for the Advancement of Psychiatry, Report No. 83, January 1973Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Cohen MB, Cohen RA: Personality as a factor in administrative decisions. Psychiatry 14: 4753, 1951Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Cohen MB, Cohen RA: Personality as a factor in administrative decisions. Psychiatry 14: 4753, 1951Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Sherwood E, Greenblatt M: Stresses, supports and job satisfactions of psychiatrist executives. Admin in Mental Health 15: 47–57, 1987CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Gaver KD, Norman ML, Greenblatt M: Life at the summit: Views and experiences of 18 psychiatric leaders. Hosp & Comm Psychiatry 35: 233–238, 1984Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Galbraith JK: The Anatomy of Power. Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1983Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Greenblatt M, Rose SO: Illustrious psychiatric administrators. Amer J Psychiatry 134: 626–630, 1977Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Greenblatt M, Rose SO: Illustrious psychiatric administrators. Amer J Psychiatry 134: 626–630, 1977Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Greenblatt M, Gaver KD, Sherwood E: After commissioner, what? Amer J Psychiatry 142: 752–754, 1985Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Greenblatt M, Sherwood E: Leadership in mental health, in Pressley LC, Donald, AG (eds): A Symposium on Public Psychiatry in Honor of William S. Hall, M.D. Supplementary Volume to the Psychiatric Forum. Columbia, South Carolina, William S. Hall Psychiatric Institute, 1987, pp 30–37Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Follett MP: Power, in Metcalf HC, Urwick L (eds): Dynamic Administration: The Collected Papers of Mary Parker Follett. New York, Harper & Bros., 1942Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Greenblatt M, Sherwood E: Leadership in mental health, in Pressley LC, Donald, AG (eds): A Symposium on Public Psychiatry in Honor of William S. Hall, M.D. Supplementary Volume to the Psychiatric Forum. Columbia, South Carolina, William S. Hall Psychiatric Institute, 1987, pp 30–37Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    See Greenblatt M: Administrative psychiatry, Chapter 51 in Freedman AM, Kaplan HI, Sadock B (eds), Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry. Baltimore, Maryland, Williams & Wilkins, 1975, pp 2443–2454, esp. p 2453Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Greenblatt M, Gaver KD, Norman M: Psychiatric leadership: The paths to the summit: The risks and the rewards. Presented at American College of Mental Health Administration Annual Meeting, October 30—November 1, 1983, St. Petersburg Beach, Florida (unpublished manuscript )Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Greenblatt M: Administrative psychiatry, Chapter 51 in Freedman AM, Kaplan HI, Sadock B (eds), Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry/II. Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins, 1975, pp 2443–2454, esp. p 2453Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Greenblatt M: Administrative psychiatry, Chapter 51 in Freedman AM, Kaplan HI, Sadock B (eds): Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry/II. Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins, 1975, p 2453Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Greenblatt M, Gaver KD, Sherwood E: After commissioner, what? Amer J Psychiatry 142: 752–754, 1985Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Milton Greenblatt
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Olive View Medical Center — Los Angeles CountySylmarUSA
  2. 2.University of California, Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA

Personalised recommendations