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The Nature and Scope of Biological Control

  • Robert van den Bosch
  • P. S. Messenger
  • A. P. Gutierrez

Abstract

Biological control is a natural phenomenon—the regulation of plant and animal numbers by natural enemies (biotic mortality agents), It is a major element of that force, natural control, that keeps all living creatures (except possibly man) in a state of balance with their environment. We will use the term biological control in our discussion to encompass both the introduction and manipulation of natural enemies by man to control pests* (applied biological control) and control that occurs without man’s intervention (natural biological control).

Keywords

Biological Control Natural Enemy Insect Pest Lady Beetle Leaf Feeding 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. DeBach, P. (ed.) 1964. Biological Control of Insect Pests and Weeds. Chapman & Hall: London. 844 pp.Google Scholar
  2. Smith, R. F., and R. van den Bosch. 1967. Integrated Control. In: W. W. Kilgore and R. L. Doutt (eds.) Pest Control—Biological, Physical, and Selected Chemical Methods. Academic Press: New York. pp. 295–340.Google Scholar
  3. Steinhaus, E. A. 1949. Principles of Insect Pathology. McGraw Hill: New York. 757 pp.Google Scholar
  4. Steinhaus, E. A. (ed.) 1963. Insect Pathology—An Advanced Treatise. Academic Press: New York. Vol. 1, 661 pp. Vol. 2, 689 pp.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert van den Bosch
    • 1
  • P. S. Messenger
    • 1
  • A. P. Gutierrez
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Biological ControlUniversity of California, BerkeleyAlbanyUSA

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