Parkinson’s Disease: Biometrics Towards Nature-Nurture Puzzles
Degenerative neurological diseases in the elderly may be the final consequences of a lifelong interaction of genes and environmental factors, which influenced survival of neurons in the functional-anatomical system of the brain. Not only neurotoxins, but lifestyles that modify each specific neurodegeneration are important problems to be evaluated. This study analyzes Parkinson-prone lifestyles with an emphasis on lifelong behavioral patterns. It is likely that such lifestyles increase the risk if combined with the particular susceptible genotypes, but this area is yet to be explored.
KeywordsSusceptible Genotype Motor Milestone Fair Skin Motor Growth Degenerative Neurological Disease
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Kondo, K., 1986, Epidemiological evaluation of risk factors in Parkinson’s disease, In: “Parkinson Disease”, M.D.Yahr and K.J. Bergmann, eds., Raven Press, New York.Google Scholar
- Kondo, K., 1990, Risk factors to Parkinson’s disease; heritability and life style, In: “Basic, Clinical and Therapeutic Aspects of Parkinson’s Disease”, T. Nagatsu, ed., Vol. 2, Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
- Kondo K., and Watanabe, K, 1993, Lifestyles, risk factors and inherited predispositions in Parkinson’s disease: preliminary report of a case-control study, In: “Parkinson’s Disease from Basic Research to Treatment”, H. Narabayashi, T. Nagatsu, N. Yanagisawa, and Y. Yoshida, eds., Raven Press, New York.Google Scholar
- Watanabe, K., 1994, A case-control study of Parkinson’s disease, Jpn. J. Publ. Hlth. (Jpn) 41: 22.Google Scholar