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Neuroradiologic Investigations of Alcoholism

  • D. Adrian Wilkinson

Abstract

Neuroradiologic studies1,2 of alcoholics have been appearing in the scientific literature for almost 40 years. The earlier studies employed the technique of pneumoencephalography (PEG), but since the introduction in 1973 of computed tomographic (CT) scanning of the brain, it has been the preferred neuroradiologic technique.3,4 The findings from both types of study have been very consistent and show that alcoholics tend to have morphologic abnormalities of the brain. The type of abnormality observed is determined in part by the diagnostic technique used and is also affected by the criteria used in evaluating the neuroradiologic procedures5,6 Despite these variations in procedure and criteria, neuroradiologic studies consistently have shown that alcoholics tend to have abnormally wide cortical sulci and significant enlargement of the lateral and third ventricles. In addition, some investigators, using PEG and CT scan data, have reported evidence of cerebellar abnormalities in alcoholics, though this type of morphologic abnormality is less frequently reported than is enlargement of the ventricles and cortical sulci.

Keywords

Compute Tomographic Scan Chronic Alcoholic Brain Damage Cerebellar Atrophy Cerebral Atrophy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Adrian Wilkinson
    • 1
  1. 1.Addiction Research FoundationTorontoCanada

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