A Study of the Tracer Dispersion Model Snap Using Ensemble Forecasts and Its Evaluation by Using European Tracer Experiment Data
Numerous numerical dispersion models have been developed to predict long range transport of hazardous air pollution in connection with accidental releases. When developing and evaluating such a model, it is important to detect uncertainties connected to insufficient characterization of the accidental release, the meteorological input data, errors in the formulation of the Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) model, and errors in the formulation of the dispersion model.
KeywordsEnsemble Member Dispersion Model Numerical Weather Prediction Pearsons Product Moment Correlation Coefficient Ensemble Forecast
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Archer G., Girardi, F., Graziani, G., Klug, W., Mosca, S., and Nodop, K., 1996, The European Long Range Tracer Experiment (ETEX): Preliminary Evaluation of Model Inter-comparison Exercise, Proceedings from the 21st NATO/CCMS International Technical Meeting on Air Pollution Modelling and Its Application XI: 181-190Google Scholar
- Haugen J.E., and Midtbø, K.H., 1995, Det operasjonelle HIRLAM systemet ved DNMI, Available from The Norwegian Meteorological Institute, Po. Box 47, N-0313 Oslo, Norway. Google Scholar
- Källen E. (ed.), 1996, HIRLAM Documentation Manual, System 2.’, Available from SMHl S-60176 Norrköping, Sweden. Google Scholar
- Klug W., Girardi, F., Graziani, G., and Nodop, K., 1993, ETEX, a European Atmospheric Tracer Experiment, Proc. Top. Meeting on Environmental Transport and Dosimetry, ANS, Charleston sc.: 147-149.Google Scholar
- Physick W.L., and Maryon, R.H., 1995, Near-source turbulence parameterization in the NAME model, Met O(APR) TDN No. 218, Available from Meteorological Office, London Road, Bracknell, Berkshire, RG12 2SZ, UK. Google Scholar
- Saltbones J., Foss, A., and Bartnick, J., 1995, The Norwegian MEMbrain application. SNAP: Sever Nuclear Accident Program, A real time dispersion model for major emergency management, DNMI-report: Project NORMEM(175), Available from The Norwegian Meteorological Institute, Po. Box 47, N-0313 Oslo, Norway. Google Scholar