Advertisement

Atmospheric Dispersion Modeling Based Upon Boundary Layer Parameterization

  • B. Sivertsen
  • S. E. Gryning
  • A. A. M. Holtslag
  • J. S. Irwin
Part of the NATO · Challenges of Modern Society book series (NATS, volume 10)

Abstract

Characteristic scaling parameters in the planetary boundary layer (PBL), as presented by Irwin et al. (1985) and Holtslag et al. (1985), have been applied to estimate the dispersion of nonbuoyant gaseous pollutants. Where only standard surface data are available, methods are suggested for estimation of wind and temperature profiles (Irwin et al., 1985).

Keywords

Atmospheric Boundary Layer Planetary Boundary Layer Stable Boundary Layer Dispersion Estimate Dispersion Experiment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Briggs, G.A. (1984) Personal communication.Google Scholar
  2. Businger, J.A. (1973) In: Workshop on micrometeorology. (Edited by D.A. Haugen) Amer.Met.Soc., 67–100.Google Scholar
  3. Draxler, R.R. (1976) Determination of atmospheric diffusion parameters. Atm. Env., 10, 363–372.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Dyer, A.J. (1974) A review of flux-profile relationships. Bound.-Layer Met., 7, 363–372.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Gryning, S.E., Van Ulden, A.P. and Larsen, S. (1983) Dispersion from a continuous ground-level source invested by a K model. Quart.J.Roy. Meteorol.Soc, 109, 355–364.Google Scholar
  6. Gryning, S.E., Lyck, E. (1984) Atmospheric dispersion from elevated sources in an urban area: Comparison between tracer experiements and model calculations. J. Clim. AppI. Met., 23, 651–660.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Holtslag, A.A.M., Gryning, S.E., Irwin, J.S. and Sivertsen, B. (1985) Parameterization of the atmospheric boundary layer for air pollution dispersion models, in: “15th ITM on Air Pollution Modeling and its Application”, St. Louis 8.Google Scholar
  8. Irwin, J.S. (1983) Estimating plume dispersion — a comparison of several sigma schemes. J. Clim. AppI. Met.. 22, 92–114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Irwin, J.S., Gryning, S.E., Holtslag, A.A.M. and Sivertsen, B. (1985) Atmospheric diffusion modeling based on boundary layer parameterization (Draft EPA-report Feb. 1985).Google Scholar
  10. Lamb, R.G. (1978) A numerical simulation of dispersion from an elevated point source in the convective planetary boundary layer. Atm. Env., 12, 1297–1304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Mahrt, L. (1983) Atmospheric boundary layers. Rev. Geoph. Space Phys., 21.Google Scholar
  12. McBean, G.A. (Ed.) (1979) The Planetary Boundary Laver, Techn. Note No. 165, WMO Geneva, 201 pp.Google Scholar
  13. Neiuwstadt, F.T.M. (1980) Application of mixed-layer similarity to the observed dispersion from a ground-level source. J. of Appl. Met., 19, 157–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Nieuwstadt, F.T.M. (1984) Some aspects of the turbulent stable boundary layer, Boundary-Layer Met., 30, 31–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Olesen, H.R., Larsen, S.E. and Hojstrup, J. (1984) Modeling velocity . spectra in the lower part of the planetary boundary layer. Boundary-Layer Meteor., 29, 285–312.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Panofsky, H., Dutton, J.A. (1984) Atmospheric Turbulence. John Wiley & Sons, New York 1984, 397 pp.Google Scholar
  17. Pasquill, F. (1971) Atmospheric dispersion of pollutants. Quart.J.Roy.Met.Soc., 97, 369–395.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Sivertsen, B. (1978) Dispersion parameters determined from measurements of wind fluctuations (σθ), temperature and wind profiles. In: Proc. of 9th I.T.M. on Air Pollution Modeling and its Appliaction, (NATO/CCMS No. 103), Toronto, Canada.Google Scholar
  19. Sivertsen, B., Bohler, T. (1985) Verification of dispersion estimates using tracer data. (NILÜ TR) (in preparation).Google Scholar
  20. Tennekes, H. (1970) Free convection in the turbulent Ekman layer of the atmosphere. J. Atm. Sci., 27, 1027–1034.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Van Ulden, A.P. (1978) Simple estimates of vertical diffusion from sources near the ground. Atm. Env., 12, 2121–2129.Google Scholar
  22. Venkatram, A., Strimatis, D., Dicristofaro, D. (1983) A semiempirical model to estimate vertical dispersion of elevated releases in the stable boundary layer. Atm. Env., 18, 923–928.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Willis, G.E., Deardorff, J.W. (1978) A laboratory study by dispersion from an elevated source within a modeled convective mixed layer. Atm. Env.12, 1305–1311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Zilitinkevich, S.S. (1972) On the determination of the height of the Ekman boundary layer. Boundary-Layer Met., 3, 141–145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Sivertsen
    • 1
  • S. E. Gryning
    • 2
  • A. A. M. Holtslag
    • 3
  • J. S. Irwin
    • 4
  1. 1.Norwegian Institute for Air ResearchLillestrømNorway
  2. 2.Risø National LaboratoryRoskildeDenmark
  3. 3.Royal Netherlands Meteorological’ InstituteDe BiltThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Meteorology and Assessment Division, Environmental Sciences Research LaboratoryE.P.A.Research Triangle ParkUSA

Personalised recommendations