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Parameterization of the Atmospheric Boundary Layer for Air Pollution Dispersion Models

  • A. A. M. Holtslag
  • S. E. Gryning
  • J. S. Irwin
  • B. Sivertsen
Part of the NATO · Challenges of Modern Society book series (NATS, volume 10)

Abstract

Most of the gaseous pollutants that are emitted into the air are released into the Atmospheric Boundary Layer (ABL). The main characteristic of the ABL is turbulence. Turbulent flows have a wide range of length scales. The scales are bounded from above by the geometry of the flow field and from below by molecular effects. The structure of turbulence is determined by the various sources as well as by the imposed length and time scales. The turbulence in the ABL, therefore, is multifacet. The outstanding characteristic of turbulence is its immense ability to disperse and transport momentum, heat and also contaminants. Therefore the laws, that characterize the turbulence also characterize the atmospheric dispersion (Tennekes and Lumley, 1972; Pasquill and Smith, 1983).

Keywords

Atmospheric Boundary Layer Convective Boundary Layer Wind Profile Stable Boundary Layer Atmospheric Surface Layer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. A. M. Holtslag
    • 1
  • S. E. Gryning
    • 2
  • J. S. Irwin
    • 3
  • B. Sivertsen
    • 4
  1. 1.Royal Netherlands Meteorological InstituteDe BiltThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Risø National LaboratoryRoskildeDenmark
  3. 3.Meteorology and Assessment Division, Atmospheric Sciences Research LaboratoryE.P.A.Research Triangle ParkUSA
  4. 4.Norwegian Institute for Air ResearchLillestrømNorway

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