Can Intentions to Use Condoms Predict Condom Use among High-Risk, Multicultural Youth in a Miami Alternative School?
To date, 18,540 cases of AIDS have been diagnosed among youth 13–24 years old in the United States, and an additional 65,071 cases have been reported in the 25–29 year-old age group, indicating possible HIV infection during adolescence (CDC, 1994). Markers of HIV risk such as gonorrhea rates also indicate that U.S. teens are at risk of contracting HIV; the incidence rate of gonorrhea among 15–19 year olds is four times higher than the U.S. national rate, and adolescent females have the highest gonorrhea rate of any population segment (DSTD/HIVP, 1994). It is estimated that one quarter of the individuals with AIDS who were exposed by heterosexual contact were infected during adolescence (Lindegren, et al., 1994).
KeywordsRisky Sexual Behavior Formative Research Normative Belief Minority Youth Future Time Perspective
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Ajzen, I. and Fishbein, M. (1980) Understanding attitudes and predicting social behavior. Englewood-Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
- Ajzen, I. (1988) Attitudes, personality and behavior. Chicago: Dorsey.Google Scholar
- Becker, M. (1974) The health belief model and sick role behavior. Health Education Monographs, 2, 409–419.Google Scholar
- Boldero, J., Moore, S. and Rosenthal, D. (1992) Intention, context, and safe sex: Australian adolescents’ responses to AIDS. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 17, 1375–1379.Google Scholar
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (1994) HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report, 6(2), 15.Google Scholar
- Division of STD/HIV Prevention (1994) 1993 Annual Report. Atlanta: US DHHS, PHS, CDC, NCPS.Google Scholar
- Fishbein, M., Loken, B., Chung, J. and Roberts, S. (1978) Smoking behavior among college women. Report prepared for the Federal Trade Commission, University of IL.Google Scholar
- Hofferth and Hayes (1987) (eds) Risking the future: Adolescent sexuality, pregnancy and childbearing. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.Google Scholar
- Jaccard, J.J. and Davidson, A.R. (1972) Toward an understanding of family planning behaviors: An initial investigation. Journal of Applied Psychology, 2, 228–235.Google Scholar
- Lindegren, M.L., Hanson, C, Miller, K., Byers, R.H., and Onorato, I. (1994) Epidemiology of human immunodeficiency virus infection in adolescents, United States. Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, 13(5), 25–35.Google Scholar
- Matiella, A.C. (Ed.) (1994) The Multicultural Challenge in Health Education, ETR Associates: Santa Cruz.Google Scholar
- O’Hara, R, Messick, B.J., The School Board of Dade County, Florida Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services, Kennedy, M.G., Zinkin, J.R., BRPB, DSTD/HIVP, CDC. (1994) Sexual behaviors and drug use among youth in dropout-prevention programs — Miami, 1994. MMWR, 43(47), 873–876.Google Scholar
- Rosenstock, I. (1974) The health belief model and preventive health behavior. Health Education Monographs, 2, 328–335.Google Scholar
- St., Lawrence J.S., Reitman, D., Jefferson, K.W., Alleyne, E., Brasfield, T.L., and Shirley, A. (1994) Factor structure and validation of an adolescent version of the Condom Attitude Scale: An instrument for measuring adolescents’ attitudes towards condoms. Psychological Assessment, 6, 352–359.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- US Congress, Office of Technology Assessment (1991) Adolescent Health—Volume 11: Background and the effectiveness of Selected Prevention and Treatment Services, OTA-H-466 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, November).Google Scholar
- US Congress, Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families (1992) Decade of Denial: Teens and AIDS in America. GPO ISBN#0–16–039006–0, Stock #052–072–068–18–3.Google Scholar
- US DHHS OSAP(1992) Cultural Competence for Evaluators, DHHS Pub. No. ADM)92–1884.Google Scholar