Nationalism, Patriotism, and Aggression
Human aggression entails a complex set of behaviors that vary markedly in structure, content, context, and consequences. An angry feeling, a thought of revenge, jostling and “horse-play,” teasing and derogation, fighting over a contested object, bullying and sadistic actions, murder, and the killing of others in the context of a revolutionary struggle or a conflict between nations, are all considered to be acts of aggression. They are grouped together because they have in common the intent to or actions that have the consequence of inflicting injury and harm to others. A major question that students of human aggression must address regards the functional similarities and differences between these diverse forms of aggression; that is, to what extent they arise from similar antecedents and have similar objectives or goals. A particular question which has been the subject of a number of inquiries that I have carried out in recent years is the relationship between individual differences in aggressive disposition and individual differences in readiness to support military ventures.
KeywordsMilitary Action Musical Piece Music Condition Individual Aggression Nuclear Armament
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