A Model of Human Hand Dynamics

  • Elena V. Biryukova
  • Vera Z. Yourovskaya
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 256)


Great variety and high adaptability of human hand movements are due to complex mechanical structure of the hand and subtle nervous control produced by CNS. As for the mechanical structure, a lot of studies have been devoted to the anatomy of hand joints,6,21,32,35,37 hand tendons2,3,29 and hand muscles.4,16,19,20,24,31 These experimental data provide necessary basis for the elaboration of biomechanical models of the hand. In principle, these models allow to determine efforts produced by muscles in the course of hand movements. The latter problem, however, has been solved only for subsystems of the entire hand like a finger fixed in different static positions,12 setting aside real dynamics of the movements of the entire hand.6,13,14,15,30


Hand Movement Muscular Activity Biomechanical Model Interphalangeal Joint Finger Joint 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elena V. Biryukova
    • 1
    • 2
  • Vera Z. Yourovskaya
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Higher Nervous ActivityRussia
  2. 2.Neurophysiology of Russian Academy of SciencesRussia
  3. 3.Biological Department of Moscow State UniversityRussia

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