Advertisement

Photoantioxidants in Polyolefins

  • Gerald Scott
Conference paper

Abstract

The term “antioxidant” is normally understood by polymer technologists to refer to the stabilization of rubbers and plastics against the effects of oxygen at high temperatures. Plastics technologists have adopted the term “stabilization” to describe the protection of plastics against light, and until recently, UV stabilizers for plastics were commonly believed to act by quite different mechanisms. This technological classification has tended to obscure the basic mechanisms common to the behavior of antioxidants in many polymers and under a wide range of environments.

Keywords

Nitroxyl Radical Light Stabilizer Apply Science Publisher Technological Classification Structure Trade 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    G. Scott, Atmospheric Oxidation and Antioxidants, Elsevier, London and New York, Chapter 4 (1965).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    N. Grassie and G. Scott, Degradation and Stabilization of Polymers, Cambridge University Press, Chapter 5 (1985).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ref. 1, p. 400, et seq.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. Pospisil, Developments in Polymer Stabilization-1, G. Scott Ed., Appled Science Publishers, London, p. 1 (1979).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    D. J. Carlsson and D. M. Wiles, J. Macromol. Chem., C14, 155 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    K. B. Chakraborty and G. Scott, Europ. Polym. J., 15, 35 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    D. K. Hodgeman, J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Lett. Ed., 16, 161 (1978).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    G. Scott, ACS Symposium Series, 25, 340 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    G. Scott, Pure and Appl. Chem., 52, 365 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    R. P. R. Ranaweera and G. Scott, Europ. Polym. J., 12, 591 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    R. P. R. Ranaweera and G. Scott, Europ. Polym. J., 12, 825 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    P. J. Briggs and J. F. McKellar, J. App. Polym. Sci., 12, 1825 (1969)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    A. M. Trozolo and F. H. Winslow, Macromol., 1, 1529 (1968).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    J. P. Guillory and C. F. Cook, J. Polym. Sci., Al, 9, 1529 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    B. Ranby and J. F. Rabek, Photodegradation, Photo-oxidation and Photo-stabilization of Polymers, London and New York, p. 379 et seq. (1975).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    M. L. Kaplan and P. E. Kelleher, J. Polym. Sci., 139, 565 (1981).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    A. Adamczik and F. Wilkinson, J. Chem. Soc., Farad. II, 68, 2031 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    D. J. Carlsson, T. Suprunchuk, and D. M. Wiles, Macromol., 5, 659 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    G. Scott, Brit. Polym. J., 16, 271 (1984).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    G. Scott, Polym. Deg. and Stab., 10, 97 (1985).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ref. 1, p. 161.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    D. J. Carlsson and D. M. Wiles, J. Macromol. Chem., C14, 65 (1986).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    D. J. Carlsson, A Garton, and D. M. Wiles, Developments in Polymer Stabilization-1, G. Scott Ed., Applied Science Publishers, London, p. 219 (1979).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    K. B. Chakraborty and G. Scott, Chem. and Ind., 239 (1978), Polymer, 21, 252 (1980).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    R. Bagheri, K. B. Chakraborty and G. Scott, Polym. Deg. and Stab., 4, 1 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    V. Ya. Shlyapintokh and V. B. Ivanov, Developments in Polymer Stabilization-5, G. Scott Ed., Applied Science Publishers, London, p. 41 (1982).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    G. Scott, Developments in Polymer Stabilization-7, G. Scott, Ed., Elsevier, Applied Science Publishers, London, Chapter 2 (1984).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    S. Al-Malaika, E. 0. Omikorede and G. Scott, J. Polym. Sci. in press.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    K. B. Chakraborty, G. Scott, and H. Yaghmour, Polym. Deg. and Stab., 10, 221 (1985).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    K. B. Chakraborty, G. Scott, and H. Yaghmour, J. App. Polym. Sci., 30, 189 (1985).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    E. G. Janzen and B. J. Blackburn, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 91, 4481 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    D. Gilead and G. Scott, Developments in Polymer Stabilization-5, G. Scott Ed., Applied Science Publishers, London, p. 71 (1983).Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    G. Scott, Developments in Polymer Degradation-1, N. Grassie Ed., Applied Science Publishers, London, p. 205 (1978).Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    S. Al-Malaika, K. B. Chakraborty, and G. Scott, Developments in Polymer Stabilization-6, G. Scott Ed., Applied Science Publishers, London, p. 73 (1983).Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    S. Al-Malaika and G. Scott, Degradation and Stabilization of Polyolefins, N. S. Allen Ed., Applied Science Publishers, London, p. 283 (1983).Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    K. B. Chakraborty and G. Scott, Europ. Polym. J., 13, 1007 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    K. B. Chakraborty and G. Scott, Polym. Deg. and Stab., 1, 37 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    K. B. Chakraborty, G. Scott, and W. R. Poyner, Plast. and Rubb. Proc. and App., 3, 59 (1983).Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    J. D. Holdsworth, G. Scott, and D. Williams, J. Chem. Soc., 4692 (1964).Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    S. Al-Malaika and G. Scott, Polym. Comm., 24, 24 (1983); Europ. Polym. J., 19, 235, 241 (1983).Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    S. Al-Malaika and G. Scott, Brit. Pat., 2,117, 779A (1983).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerald Scott
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Molecular SciencesUniversity of AstonBirminghamUSA

Personalised recommendations