Fast Particle Emission in Inelastic Channels of Heavy-Ion Collisions
Inelastic scattering of heavy ions has been extensively used to study the nuclear excitations. In particular the decay of giant resonances has been investigated to infer information on their microscopic structure1. In addition to the target excitation several processes are known to contribute to the inclusive inelastic spectrum. The quasi-elastic knock-out process is a major contribution in the inelastic scattering of protons and α-particle projectiles. For heavier ions this contribution is expected to be smaller but still persists. Proton emission coming from the knock-out process was clearly observed and was detected in the direction of the recoiling target nucleus. Another process contributing to the inclusive inelastic spectrum is the pick-up break-up process2. In this process the projectile picks up a nucleon from the target, leaving it in a 1-hole configuration. The ejectile will then break-up again and feed the inelastic channel. This process gives rise to a plateau spreading over a large energy interval centered slightly above the bombarding energy per nucleon, with a width determined by the specific decay characteristics of the system.
KeywordsInelastic Scattering Angular Correlation Emission Angle Inelastic Channel Invariant Cross Section
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