A Dynamical Effective Model of Ultrarelativistic Heavy Ion Collisions
It is now commonly accepted that the equation of state of nuclear matter presents a phase transition at zero baryon density around a critical temperature of 160 MeV, above which the quarks would be deconfined and the chiral symmetry restored. Theoretically, this transition from hot nuclear matter to quark-gluon plasma (QGP) is fundamental, because deeply related to our understanding of the non-perturbative aspects of QCD. Therefore, major experimental programs have been (AGS, SPS) and will be (LHC, RHIC) developed to tackle the QGP.
KeywordsNuclear Matter Transport Theory Hadronic Matter Elliptic Flow Dynamical Phase Transition
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