Advertisement

Cardiolocomotor Interactions During Dynamic Handgrip and Knee Extension Exercises

Phase-Locked Synchronization and Its Physiological Implications
  • Kyuichi Niizeki
  • Yoshimi Miyamoto
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 450)

Abstract

Coupling of locomotor and cardiac rhythms has been described during various locomotor activities in humans1,5, 6,7,9,10. Although some prior work has attempted to clarify the advantage of the cardiac-locomotor coordination1,6,9, direct evidence showing the functional significance of such locomotor modulation of heart beats has not yet been presented. It has generally been suggested that the synchronization phenomenon is a manifestation of nonlinear biological oscillators in which an inherent phase dependency to the periodically imposed input is involved11. Therefore, we thought that a phase dependency of cardiac rhythm with respect to the muscle contraction may also exist, and this would help us to infer the mechanism of coupling and its physiological significance. The purpose of this study was to investigate how the cardiac rhythm interacts with the muscle contraction rhythm during exercise, and to examine whether the coupling has such functional significance that ensures the exercising muscle blood flow.

Keywords

Muscle Contraction Cardiac Cycle Knee Extension Heart Beat Cardiac Rhythm 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Donville, J.E., R.L. Kirby, T.J. Doherty, S.K. Gupta, B.J. Eastwood, and D.A. MacLeod. Effect of cardiac-locomotor coupling on the metabolic efficiency of pedalling. Can. J. Appl. Physiol. 18:379–391, 1993.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Franz, M.R., R. Cima, D. Wang, D. Profitt, and R. Kurz. Electrophysiological effects of myocardial stretch and mechanical determinants of stretch-activated arrhythmias. Circulation 86:968–978, 1992.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Jalife, J. and C. Antzelevitch. Phase resetting and annihilation of pacemaker activity in cardiac tissue. Science Wash. DC 206:695–697, 1980.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kawahara, K., T. Yoshioka, Y. Yamauchi, and K. Niizeki. Heart beat fluctuation during fictive locomotion in decerebrate cats: locomotor-cardiac coupling of central origin. Neurosci. Lett. 150:200–202, 1993.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kirby, R.L., S.T. Nugent, R.W. Marlow, D.A. Macleod, and A.E. Marble. Coupling of cardiac and locomotor rhythms. J. Appl. Physiol. 66:323–329, 1989.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kirby, R.L., D.A. Macleod, and A.E. Marble. Coupling between cardiac and locomotor rhythms: The phase lag between heart beats and pedal thrusts. Angiology 40:620–625, 1989.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kirby, R.L., S.E. Carr, and D.A. Macleod. Cardiac-locomotor coupling while finger tapping. Percept. Mot. Skills 71:1099–1104, 1990.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    McMahon, S.E. and P.N. McWilliam. Changes in R-R interval at the start of muscle contraction in the decerebrate cat. J. Physiol.(Lond.) 447:549–562, 1992.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Niizeki, K., K. Kawahara, and Y. Miyamoto. Interaction among cardiac, respiratory, and locomotor rhythms during cardiolocomotor synchronization. J. Appl. Physiol. 75:1815–1821, 1993.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Niizeki, K., K. Kawahara, and Y. Miyamoto. Cardiac, respiratory, and locomotor coordination during walking in humans. Folia Primatol. 66: 226–239, 1996.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Pavlidis, T. Biological Oscillations: Their Mathematical Analysis. New York: Academic, 1973.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Pickar, J.G., J.M. Hill, and N.P. Kaufman. Dynamic exercise stimulates group III muscle afférents. J. Neurophysiol. 71:753–760, 1994.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Sejersted, O.M., A.R. Hargens, K.R. Kardel, P.B.O. Jensen, and L. Hermansen. Intramuscular fluid pressure during isometric contraction of human skeletal muscle. J. Appl. Physiol. 56:287–295, 1984.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Walloe, I. and J. Wesche. Time course and magnitude of blood flow changes in the human quadriceps muscles during and following rhythmic exercise. J. Physiol.(Lond.) 405:257–273, 1987.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kyuichi Niizeki
    • 1
  • Yoshimi Miyamoto
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Biological-Informatics, Department of Electrical and Information Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringYamagata UniversityYonezawa, 992Japan

Personalised recommendations