Advertisement

Epidemiological and Clinical Features of Minamata Disease

  • Akihiro Igata
Part of the Rochester Series on Environmental Toxicity book series (RSET)

Abstract

Minamata disease is the methylmercury intoxication, through contaminated fish by a chemical factory in Minamata city. Based on the results of our regional survey, cardinal clinical features of it were clarified, by a multivariant analysis of all symptoms in inhabitants in the polluted area. The clinical features were found to be essentially the same as those of Hunter Russell syndrome, however, some other additional symptoms were also found. Those are influenced by many factors, such as degree of exposure, duration of pollution etc. The disposition of each inhabitant also plays a role in clinical manifestation. This analysis contributes to a correct individual diagnosis and to the correct estimation of patients in polluted areas. It was also found by long term studies that a few inhabitants began to claim some neurological symptoms, after ceasing of pollution, which were suggested mainly due to aging.

As many inhabitants with mild neurological complaints were not easily diagnosed, a questionable borderline group should be postulated, for social settlement of Minamata disease. Compared with those in other areas in the world, the characteristics of Minamata disease will be discussed.

Keywords

Polluted Area Cerebellar Ataxia Organic Mercury Mercury Pollution Biopsy Sural Nerve 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Annual reports of the study group on Minamata disease (in Japanese), 1974–1989 Environment Agency, Tokyo.Google Scholar
  2. Arimura, K., 1985. Somatosensory evoked potential in Minamata disease. Sixth workshop on Minamata Disease. Environmental Agency, Nov., Kumamoto, Japan.Google Scholar
  3. Arimura, Y., 1980. Studies on ocular motor apraxia (in Japanese). Saishin Igaku (Modern Medicine) 35:2–5.Google Scholar
  4. Bakir, F. et al., 1974. Methylmercury poisoning in Iraq. Science 181:230–241, 1974.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Clarkson, T. W., 1976. Exposure to methylmercury grossy narrowed white dog rivers. Report to Canadian government.Google Scholar
  6. Hamada, R., 1981. Studies on methylmercury poisoning (in Japanese). Kagoshima Med. J. 23:107–117.Google Scholar
  7. Hamada, R., 1980. Objective evaluation of cerebellar speech (in Japanese). Saishin Igaku (Modern Medicine) 35:11–14.Google Scholar
  8. Harada, M., 1979. Congenital Minamata disease (in Japanese). In: Minamata disease. S. Arima, ed. Seirinsha, pp. 345-370.Google Scholar
  9. Igata, A., 1986. Clinical aspects of Minamata disease studies edited by T. Tsubaki, and H. Takahashi. Kodansha, Tokyo.Google Scholar
  10. Igata, A., 1985. Urinary b-D N-acetylglucosamines in the patients with Minamata disease. Annual report of the study group on Inamata disease, pp. 56-57.Google Scholar
  11. Igata, A., 1982. objective diagnosis of Minamata disease by CT scan. Annual report of the study group on Minamata disease, pp. 54-55.Google Scholar
  12. Igata, A., 1981. Studies on the total anesthesia in patients with Minamata disease (in Japanese). Annual report of the study group on Minamata disease, pp. 52-53.Google Scholar
  13. Igata, A., 1978. Minamata disese of late onset (in Japanese). Igakuno Ayumi (Progress of Medicine) 96:890–894.Google Scholar
  14. Igata, A., 1975. The late onset of organic mercury intoxication after exposure. Studies of the effects of alkylmercury intoxication. Environmental Agency, Tokyo, pp. 178–179.Google Scholar
  15. Igata, A., 1974. A quantitative analysis of diagnosis of Minamata disease (in Japanese). Shinkei Kenkyu no Shinpo (Progress of Neurological Research) 18:890–900.Google Scholar
  16. Igata, A., 1973. Minamata disease in Kagoshima prefecture (in Japanese),. Nihon Ijishinpo 2578:23–28.Google Scholar
  17. Kamitsuchihashi, H., 1985. Vasodilator response in patients with Minamata disease. Annual report of the study group on Minamata disease, pp. 99-100.Google Scholar
  18. Moriyama, H., 1974. Congenital methylmercury intoxication. 18:901–911.Google Scholar
  19. Nagashima, K., 1985. Arteriosclerosis in underdeveloped children (in Japanese). Annual report of the study group on Minamata disease, pp. 90-98, 1985.Google Scholar
  20. Niina, K. Clinical and experimental methyl mercurial encephalopath studies on organic mercury intoxication (in Japanese). Kagoshima Med. J. 35:203-220.Google Scholar
  21. Ohkatsu, Y. and Igata, A., 1978. Urinary B2 microglobulin in patients with Minamata disease (in Japanese). Shinkeinaika (Neurological Medicine) 8:271–273.Google Scholar
  22. Rustum, H. et al., 1974. Methylmercury poisoning in Iraq. Brain 97:499–507.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Shaw, C. M., 1975. Cerebrovascular lesions in experimental and methyl mercurial encephalopathy. Neurotoxicol. 1:57–74.Google Scholar
  24. Shirakawa, K., 1979. Minamata disease of late onset. In: Minamata disease. S. Arima, ed., Seirinsha, pp. 331-337.Google Scholar
  25. Studies on the health effects of alkyl mercury in Japan, 1975. Environment Agency.Google Scholar
  26. Takizawa, Y., 1972. Studies on the distribution of mercury in several body organs. Acta Med. et Biol. 19:193–197.Google Scholar
  27. Tsubaki, T., 1968. Organic mercury intoxication along Agano-river (in Japanese). Rinshoshinkeigaku (Clinical Neurology) 8:511–520.Google Scholar
  28. Uchino, M., 1985. Studies on CT scan findings of Minamata disease (in Japanese). Rinshoshinkeigaku (Clinical Neurology) 25:1024–1029.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akihiro Igata
    • 1
  1. 1.Kagoshima UniversityKagoshimaJapan

Personalised recommendations