The Mechanism of in Vivo Bacteriostasis of Bovine Lactoferrin
Recently we have reported that orally administered bovine Lf(bLf) exerts bacteriostatic effects against bacterial overgrowth in the intestine of specific-pathogen-free (SPF) mice fed milk. In this animal model, the in vivo bacteriostatic effect of bLf against the proliferation of intestinal Enterobacteriaceae, the bacteria most sensitive to bLf, was independent of the iron-chelating ability of bLf. In addition various proteolytic hydrolysates of bLf (with differing antibacterial activities in vitro) showed the same bacteriostatic effect as undigested bLf. These results suggest that the mechanism of in vivo bacteriostasis of Lf differs from the in vitro mechanism reported.
KeywordsIntestinal Bacterium Bovine Milk Carbohydrate Absorption Cecal Content Bacteriostatic Effect
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