The Influence of Niobium and Niobium-Titanium Grain Size on the Drawing Instability of Niobium Diffusion Barriers in Niobium-Titanium Wire

  • R. W. Heussner
  • P. J. Lee
  • P. D. Jablonski
  • D. C. Larbalestier
Part of the An International Cryogenic Materials Conference Publication book series (ACRE, volume 40)


A major source of extrinsic limitation to the critical current density in Nb-Ti superconductors has been sausaging initiated by the formation of hard Cu-Ti-Nb intermetallics during heat treatment. Traditionally, a Nb diffusion barrier is wrapped around each Nb-Ti filament as a means of protection. However, a Nb barrier is permeable to both Ti and Cu and local thinning, caused by non-uniform deformation during wire reduction, can decrease the amount of protection provided by a given barrier. We have examined the effect of varying the initial microstructural condition of both the Nb barrier and the Nb-Ti rod on the uniformity of barrier thickness reduction after extrusion and during wire drawing. Results show that an increasing initial Nb or Nb-Ti grain size escalates the rate at which the coefficient of barrier thickness variation increases as a function of strain. In addition, the two grain sizes appear to combine additively in promoting non-uniform barrier deformation.


True Strain Critical Current Density Wire Drawing Barrier Thickness True Strain Curve 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. W. Heussner
    • 1
  • P. J. Lee
    • 1
  • P. D. Jablonski
    • 1
  • D. C. Larbalestier
    • 1
  1. 1.Applied Superconductivity CenterUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA

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