Operational Experience with a Cryogenic Axial-Centrifugal Compressor
The Large Hadron Collider (LHC), presently under construction at CERN, requires large refrigeration capacity at 1.8 K. Compression of gaseous helium at cryogenic temperatures is therefore inevitable. Together with subcontractors, Linde Kryotechnik has developed a prototype machine. This unit is based on a cryogenic axial-centrifugal compressor, running on ceramic ball bearings and driven by a variable-frequency electrical motor operating at ambient temperature. Integrated in a test facility for superconducting magnets, the machine has been commissioned without major problems and successfully gone through the acceptance test in autumn 1995. Subsequent steps were initiated to improve efficiency of this prototype. This paper describes operating experience gained so far and reports on measured performance prior and after constructional modifications.
KeywordsLarge Hadron Collider Ball Bearing Cold Stage Uninterrupted Power Supply Cold Compressor
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- 1.L. Decker, K. Löhlein, P. Schustr, M. Vins, I. Brunovsky, L. Tucek, Ph. Lebrun, and L. Tavian, A Cryogenic Axial-Centrifugal Compressor for Superfluid Helium Refrigeration, International Cryogenic Engineering Conference 16 (1996), 195–198Google Scholar