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Design and Testing of an Improved Cryopump for the Confined Helium Experiment

  • M. J. Lysek
  • U. E. Israelsson
  • T. C. P. Chui
  • M. E. Larson
  • D. Petrac
  • S. E. Elliott
  • D. R. Swanson
  • X. Qin
  • J. A. Lipa
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 43)

Abstract

A cryopump flown on the space shuttle for the Lambda Point Experiment1 (LPE) was improved and redesigned for use in the Confined Helium Experiment (CHeX). The successful Lambda Point Experiment (LPE) flew on the space shuttle in October 1992. The Confined Helium Experiment (CHeX) will launch in October 1997. CHeX uses high resolution thermometers2 to measure the heat capacity of liquid helium when confined within finely spaced parallel disks. To eliminate heat flow between the calorimeter and the cryogenic bath, a cryopump is used to reduce the pressure in the experimental probe. The LPE cryopump trapped activated charcoal behind a nuclepore filter. The new cryopump uses activated charcoal glued to copper plates to eliminate the nuclepore filter. Vibration tests verified that the cryopump does not generate charcoal dust contamination. Early performance tests indicated that the probe vacuum is significantly lower with the new pump, and that the pressure falls more rapidly than with the previous design. Recent tests with the CHeX experimental probe show a significant reduction in the heat leak between the calorimeter and the cryogenic bath.

Keywords

Activate Charcoal Vibration Test Bottom Flange Heat Leak Charcoal Particle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

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    Type 12×30 PCB charcoal from the Calgon Carbon Corporation. Charcoal screened between tyler standard screens #16 (1.0 mm) and #18 (1.4 mm) to make the grain size more uniform.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. J. Lysek
    • 1
  • U. E. Israelsson
    • 1
  • T. C. P. Chui
    • 1
  • M. E. Larson
    • 1
  • D. Petrac
    • 1
  • S. E. Elliott
    • 1
  • D. R. Swanson
    • 2
  • X. Qin
    • 2
  • J. A. Lipa
    • 2
  1. 1.Jet Propulsion LaboratoryCalifornia Institute of TechnologyPasadenaUSA
  2. 2.Stanford UniversityStanfordUSA

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