Advertisement

Structure — Function Aspects of the Aeromonas salmonicida S-Layer

  • William W. Kay
  • Julian C. Thornton
  • Raphael A. Garduño
Chapter
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 252)

Abstract

S-layers are important, proteinaceous, supramolecular assemblies common to a large number of bacterial species. When present they can account for up to 20% of the total cellular protein (Messner and Sleytr, 1992). In spite of their ubiquity, for the most part their specific biological functions have resisted elucidation. However, it is intuitively understood that their main roles must either be protective, aggressive, structural or some combination of these.

Keywords

Morphological Unit Specific Biological Function Aeromonas Salmonicida Average Lattice Spacing Tetrameric Unit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Belland, R.J., and Trust, T.J., 1985, Synthesis, export, and assembly of the Aeromonas salmonicida A-layer analyzed by transposon mutagenesis, J. Bacteriol. 163: 877.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Buckley, J.T., and Trust, T.J., 1981, Loss of virulence during culture of Aeromonas salmonicida at high temperature, J. Bacteriol. 148: 333.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Doig, P., Emody, L,and Trust, T.J., 1992. Binding of laminin and fibronectin by the trypsin resistant major structural domain of the crystalline virulence surface array protein of Aeromonas salmonicida, J. Biol. Chem. 267: 43.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Dooley, J.S.G., Engelhardt, H., Baumeister, W., Kay, W.W., and Trust, T.J., 1989, Three dimensional structure of an open form of the surface layer from the fish pathogen Aeromonas salmonicida, J. Bacteriol. 171: 190.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Garduno, R.A., 1993, Structure and function of the surface layer of the fish pathogenic bacterium Aeromonas salmonicida, PhD Thesis, University of Victoria, Victoria, B.C. Canada.Google Scholar
  6. Garduno, R.A., and Kay, W.W., 1992a, A single structural type in the regular surface layer of Aeromonas salmonicida, J. Struct. Biol. 108: 202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Garduno, R.A., and Kay, W.W. 1992b, Interaction of the fish pathogen Aeromonas salmonicida with rainbow trout macrophages, Infect. Immun. 60: 4612.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Garduno, R.A., Lee, E.J.Y., and Kay, W.W., 1992, S layer-mediated association of Aeromonas salmonicida with murine macrophages, Infect. Immun. 60: 4373.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Garduno, R.A., Phipps, B.M., Baumeister, W., and Kay, W.W., 1993, Novel structural patterns in divalent cation-depleted surface layers of Aeromonas salmonicida, J. Struct. Biol. 109: in press.Google Scholar
  10. Ishiguro, E.E., 1988, Thermotolerance of A-layer deficient mutants of Aeromonas salmonicida, in: “Crystalline Bacterial Cell-Surface Layers”, U.B. Sleytr, P. Messner, D. Pum, and M. Sara, eds., Springer-Verlag, Berlin.Google Scholar
  11. Ishiguro, E.E., Kay, W.W., Ainsworth, T., Chamberlain, J.B., Austin, R.A., Kay, W.W., Buckley, J.T., and Trust, T.J., 1981, Loss of virulence during culture of Aeromonas salmonicida at high temperature, J. Bacteriol. 148: 333.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Ishiguro, E.E., Phipps, B.M., Monette, J.P.L,and Trust, T.J., 1980, Purification and disposition of a surface protein associated with virulence of Aeromonas salmonicida, J. Bacteriol. 147: 1077.Google Scholar
  13. Kay, W.W., and Trust, T.J., 1991, Form and functions of the regular surface array (Slayer) of Aeromonas salmonicida, Experimentia, 47: 412.Google Scholar
  14. Kay, W.W., Phipps, B.M., Ishiguro, E.E.,and Trust, T.J., 1985, Porphyrin binding by the surface array virulence protein of Aeromonas salmonicida, J. Bacteriol. 164: 1332.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Messner, P., and Sleytr, U.B., 1992, Crystalline bacterial cell-surface layers, Adv. Microbial Physiol. 33: 213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Munn, C.B., Ishiguro, E.E., Kay, W.W., and Trust, T.J., 1982, Role of surface components in serum resistance of virulent Aeromonas salmonicida, Infect. Immun. 36: 1069.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Phipps, B.M., and Kay, W.W., 1988, Immunoglobulin binding by the surface array virulence protein of Aeromonas salmonicida, J. Biol. Chem. 236: 9298.Google Scholar
  18. Saxton, W.O., Pitt, T.J., and Horner, M., 1979, Digital image processing: the SEMPER system, Ultramicrosc. 4: 343.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Saxton, W.O., and Baumeister, W., 1982, The correlation averaging of a regularly arranged bacterial cell envelope protein, J. Microsc. 127: 127.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Stewart, M., Beveridge, T.J., and Trust, T.J., 1986, Two patterns in the Aeromonas salmonicida A-layer may reflect a structural transformation that alters permeability, J. Bacteriol. 166: 120.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Thornton, J.C., Garduno, R.A., Newman, S G, and Kay, W.W., 1991, Surface-disorganized, attenuated mutants of Aeromonas salmonicida as furunculosis live vaccines, Microbial Pathogen. 11: 85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Udey, L.R., and Fryer, J.L., 1978, Immunization of fish with bacterins of Aeromonas salmonicida, Maricult. and Fisher. Rev. 40: 12.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • William W. Kay
    • 1
  • Julian C. Thornton
    • 1
  • Raphael A. Garduño
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology and The Canadian Bacterial Disease NetworkUniversity of VictoriaVictoriaCanada

Personalised recommendations