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Glycoprotein Nature of Select Bacterial S-Layers

  • Paul Messner
  • Judith Schuster - Kolbe
  • Christina Schäffer
  • Uwe B. Sleytr
  • Rudolf Christian
Chapter
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 252)

Abstract

Nowadays it is established knowledge that procaryotes are able to synthesize true glycoproteins. The first proven reports on bacterial glycoproteins reach back into the mid — 1970s when Mescher and Strominger (1976) published a partial structure of the glycan chains from the surface layer glycoprotein of the halophilic archaeobacterium Halobacterium (halobium) salinarium. According to the recently introduced taxonomic terminology we use in this article the terms archaea and bacteria instead of archaeobacteria and eubacteria (Woese et al., 1990). With the rapid ongoing research on archaea it soon became obvious that most of these procaryotes are covered by glycosylated surface layer (S-layer) glycoproteins (for reviews see Kandier, 1982; Kandier and König, 1985; König and Stetter, 1986; Sumper, 1987; König, 1988a; Lechner and Wieland, 1989). On the other hand, it was widely believed that bacteria (eubacteria) were not able to glycosylate proteins even though Sleytr and Thorne (1976) had provided early evidence for the occurrence of bacterial glycoproteins. For some time it was even considered that the surface glycosylation was a taxonomic criterion for the discrimination between archaea and bacteria (Mescher, 1981; Kandier, 1982).

Keywords

Amino Sugar Clostridium Thermocellum Deinococcus Radiodurans Glycan Chain Trifluoromethane Sulfonic Acid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul Messner
    • 1
  • Judith Schuster - Kolbe
    • 1
  • Christina Schäffer
    • 1
  • Uwe B. Sleytr
    • 1
  • Rudolf Christian
    • 2
  1. 1.Center for Ultrastructure Research and the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Molecular NanotechnologyUniversity for AgricultureViennaAustria
  2. 2.Scientific Software CompanyViennaAustria

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