Individual Differences in Environmental Exploration and Cognitive Mapping Skills

Early Development in Social Contexts
  • Nancy L. Hazen
Part of the Perspectives in Developmental Psychology book series (PDPS)


Parents can strongly influence their children’s environmental experiences, as these examples illustrate. From the time infants become mobile, parents provide them with environments to explore, set the boundaries for exploration, structure the spatial layouts and objects provided in the home environment, encourage and discourage certain types of exploration and point out spatial locations and relationships. To the extent that they influence their children’s exploration and use of environments, parents probably also influence the development of their children’s cognitive mapping skills, that is, their skills for maintaining spatial orientation and solving spatial problems in large-scale environments.


Positive Affect Active Explorer Spatial Layout Spatial Skill Exploration Style 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nancy L. Hazen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Home EconomicsUniversity of Texas at AustinAustinUSA

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