Advertisement

Y

  • Douglas M. Considine
  • Glenn D. Considine

Abstract

Synthetic yttrium aluminum and yttrium iron garnets, respectively. These materials were developed in the mid-1960s. They are pressed and sintered polycrystalline ceramics and are made by a solid-state reaction of Y2O3 with iron oxide or aluminum oxide. Garnets operate in microwave bandpass (filters) circulators and isolators in telephone, radar, and space-communication networks. The original electronic use led to the development of single-crystal yttrium aluminum garnets which approach the brilliance and hardness of diamond. Yttrium oxide is the base for neodymium-doped laser crystals. See also Neodymium; Rare-Earth Elements and Metals; and Yttrium.

Keywords

Yttrium Oxide Yellow Fever Virus Foodborne Disease Rhodotorula Glutinis Yellow Fever Vaccine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Additional Reading

  1. Gschneidner, K., Jr., and B. J. Beaudry: “Ytterbium” in Vol. 2, “Metals Handbook,” ASM International, Materials Park, Ohio, 1979.Google Scholar
  2. Spedding, F. H. H.: “Ytterbium,” in “McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Chemistry,” McGraw-Hill, New York, 1983.Google Scholar
  3. Staff: “Handbook of Chemistry and Physics,” CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, 1993.Google Scholar
  4. Peterson, D.T.: “Yttrium” in Vol. 2, “Metals Handbook,” ASM International, Materials Park, Ohio, 1979.Google Scholar
  5. Spedding, E H, E H.: “Yttrium,” in “McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Chemistry,” McGraw-Hill, New York, 1983.Google Scholar
  6. Staff: “Handbook of Chemistry and Physics,” CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, 1993.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Douglas M. Considine
  • Glenn D. Considine

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations