Studies of Life Histories and Reproduction in North American Plethodontid Salamanders

  • Stephen G. Tilley


Plethodontid salamanders are among the most abundant vertebrates of many North American ecological communities. Their evident ecological importance (Burton and Likens 1975a, 1975b) and unique associations of ubiquity, obscurity, and beauty have popularized plethodontids as subjects of evolutionary and ecological studies. Their reproductive ecologies and life histories have received particular attention in recent years, as studies have progressed from scattered anecdotes to detailed investigations. Sal-the and Mecham (1974) reviewed the literature through the 1960s. Since then, studies of several species have appeared: Gyrinophilus porphyriticus (Bruce 1969, 1972), Pseudotriton montanus (Bruce 1969, 1974, 1975), Stereochilus marginatus (Bruce 1971), Eurycea quadridigitata (Harrison 1973), Eurycea neotenes (Bruce 1976), Eurycea nana (Tupa and Davis 1976), Desmognathus fuscus (Danstedt 1975), Desmognathus ochrophaeus (Fitzpatrick 1973; Forester 1977; Huheey and Brandon 1973; Tilley 1972, 1973a, 1973b, 1974; Tilley and Hausman 1976), and Plethodon wehrlei (Hall and Stafford 1972). Houck reviews certain aspects of life histories of terrestrial plethodontids in this volume. Much, however, remains to be learned.


Life History Clutch Size Growth Increment Follicle Diameter Ventral Body Wall 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen G. Tilley
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of the Biological SciencesSmith CollegeNorthamptonUSA

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