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Volume Homeostasis and Blood Pressure in Diabetic States

  • James A. O’Hare
  • J. Barry Ferriss

Abstract

The final determinants of arterial blood pressure are cardiac output and systemic vascular resistance [1]. Cardiac output is determined by extracellular fluid (and blood volume) and filling pressure. Peripheral resistance is influenced by a host of factors, with the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone axis, atrial natriuretic peptide and the sympathetic nervous system playing the leading neuroendocrine roles in volume/resistance homeostasis.

Keywords

Diabetic Nephropathy Atrial Natriuretic Peptide Plasma Renin Activity Sodium Retention Exchangeable Sodium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • James A. O’Hare
    • 1
    • 2
  • J. Barry Ferriss
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Diabetes UnitLimerick Regional General HospitalDooradoyle, LimerickIreland
  2. 2.Department of MedicineCork University HospitalWilton, CorkIreland

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