Advertisement

Abstract

It has been estimated that over 1 2 million people in the United States suffer burn injuries every year (1). Most are treated as outpatients, yet nearly 60,000 require hospitalization. Approximately 5,000 of these patients die. Advances in resuscitation and monitoring techniques, wound management, nutritional support, and strict use of tissue culture-directed antibiotics have all contributed to decreases in morbidity, mortality, and long-term disability for these patients.

Keywords

Abdominal Compartment Syndrome Base Deficit Total Body Surface Area Advance Trauma Life Support Inhalation Injury 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Wolf SE, Herndon DN, General Considerations. In: Burn Care, Wolf SE, Herndon DN, eds. Austin, TX: Landes Bioscience, 1999.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Advanced Trauma Life Support for Doctors, Sixth Ed. American College of Surgeons, Chicago, 1997.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cope O, Moore FD. The redistribution of body water and the fluid therapy of the burned patient. Ann Surg 1947; 126: 1010 - 45.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Baxter CR, Shires T. Physiologic response to crystalloid resuscitation of severe burns. Ann NY Acad Sci 1968; 150: 874 - 94.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Baxter CR. Fluid volume and electrolyte changes of the early postburn period. Clin Plast Surg 1974; 1: 693 - 703.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dries DJ, Waxman K. Adequate resuscitation of burn patients may not be measured by urine output and vital signs. Crit Care Med 1991; 19: 327 - 9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Schiller WR, Bay RC, Mclachlan JG, Sagraves SG. Survival in major burn injuries is predicted by early response to Swan-Ganz-guided resuscitation. Am J Surg 1995; 170: 696700.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Rutherford EJ, Morris JA Jr, Reed GW, Hall KS. Base deficit stratifies mortality and determines therapy. J Trauma 1992; 33: 417 - 23.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Abramson D, Scalea TM, Hitchcock R, Trooskin SZ, Henry SM, Greenspan J. Lactate clearance and survival following injury. J Trauma 1993; 35: 584 - 8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Barton RG, Saffle JR, Morris SE, Mone M, Davis B, Shelby J. Resuscitation of thermally injured patients with oxygen transport criteria as goals of therapy. J Burn Care Rehabil 1997; 18: 1 - 9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Jeng JC, Lee K, Jablonski K, Jordan MH Serum lactate and base deficit suggest inadequate resuscitation of patients with bum injuries: application of a point-of-care laboratory instrument. J Bum Care Rehabil 1997; 18: 402 - 5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kaups KL, Davis JW, Dominic WJ. Base deficit as an indicator of resuscitation needs in patients with burn injuries. J Bum Care Rehabil 1998; 19: 346 - 8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Jones LM. The BiobraneTM stent. J Bum Care Rehabil 1998; 19 (4): 352 - 3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ward CM, Diamond AW. An appraisal of ketamine in the dressing of burns. Postgrad Med J 1976; 52: 222 - 3.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Slogoff S, Allen GW, Wessels JV, Cheney DH. Ketamine hydrochloride for pediatric premedication. I. Comparison with pentasocine. Anesth Analg 1974; 53: 354 - 8.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Demling RH, Ellerbe S, Jarrett F. Ketamine anesthesia for tangential excision of bum eschar: a burn unit procedure. J Trauma 1978; 18: 269 - 70.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Brown RL, Henke A, Greenhalgh DG, Warden GD. The use of haloperidol in the agitated, critically ill pediatric patient with bums. J Burn Care Rehabil 1996; 17: 34 - 8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Humphries Y, Melson M, Gore D. Superiority of oral ketamine as an analgesic and sedative for wound care procedures in the pediatric patient with burns. J Bum Care Rehabil 1997; 18: 34 - 6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Hutchens DW. Pain management in the adult burn patient. Probl Gen Surg 1994; 11: 688 - 97.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ulmer JF. Bum pain management: a guideline-based approach. J Burn Care Rehabil 1998; 19: 151 - 9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Sheridan RL, Hinson M, Nackel A, Blaquiere M, Daley W, Querzoli B, Spezzafaro J, Lybarger P, Martyn J, Szyfelbein S, Tompkins R. Development of a pediatric burn pain and anxiety management program. J Burn Care Rehabil 1997; 18: 455 - 9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Cope O, Nardi GL, Quijano M, Rovit RL, Stanbury JB, Wight A. Metabolic rate and thyroid function following acute thermal trauma in man. Ann Surg 1953; 137: 165 - 74.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Wallace BH, Caldwell FT, Cone JB. Ibuprofen lowers body temperature and metabolic rate of humans with burn injury. J Trauma 1992; 32: 154 - 7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Waxman K, Rebello T, Pinderski L, O’Neal K, Khan N, Tourangeau S, Himes E, Cordill K. Protein loss across burn wounds. J Trauma 1987; 27: 136 - 40.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Cone JB, Wallace BH, Caldwell FT Jr. The effect of staged bum wound closure on the rates of heat production and heat loss of burned children and young adults. J Trauma 1988; 28: 968 - 72.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Wallace BH, Cone JB, Caldwell FT. Energy balance studies and plasma catecholamine values for patients with healed burns. J Burn Care Rehabil 1991; 12: 505 - 9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Jones LM, Thompson DR. Bums. In: Current Therapy in Critical Care Medicine, Parrillo JE, ed. St. Louis: Mosby, 1997.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Gottschlich MM, Warden GD. Vitamin supplementation in the patient with burns. J Burn Care Rehabil 1990; 11: 275 - 9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Buescher T, Cioffi WG, Becker W, et al. Perioperative enteral feedings. Proc Am Burn Assoc 1990; 22: 162.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Jenkins M, Gottschlich MM, Baumer T, et al. Enteral feeding during operative procedures. Proc Am Burn Assoc 1990; 22: 64.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Rockwell WB, Ehrlich HP. Reversible burn injury. J Burn Care Rehabil 1992; 13: 403 - 6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Curling TB. On acute ulceration of the duodenum in cases of burn. Med Chir Trans 1842; 25: 260.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Rigdon EE. Vascular complications of the burn injury. Probl Gen Surg 1994; 11: 778 - 85.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Czaja AJ, McAlhany JC, Pruitt BA Jr. Acute gastroduodenal disease after thermal injury. An endoscopic evaluation of incidence and natural history. N Engl J Med 1974; 291: 925 - 9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Elledge ES, Smith AA, McManus WF, Pruitt BA Jr. Heterotopic bone formation in burned patients. J Trauma 1988; 28: 684 - 7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Munster AM, Bruck HM, Johns LA, Von Prince K, Kirkman EM, Remig RL. Heterotopic calcification following burns: a prospective study. J Trauma 1972; 12: 1071 - 4.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Evans EB. Heterotopic bone formation in thermal burns. Clin Orthop 1991; 263: 94 - 101.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    McDonald WS, Deitch EA. Hypertrophic skin grafts in burned patients: a prospective analysis of variables. J Trauma 1987; 27: 147 - 50.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Lattari V, Jones LM, Varcelotti JR, Latenser BA, Sherman HF, Barrette RR. The use of a permanent dermal allograft in full-thickness burns of the hand and foot: a report of three cases. J Burn Care Rehabil 1997; 18: 147 - 55.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Buescher TM, Pruitt BA. Burn scar contracture. Probl Gen Surg 1994; 11: 804 - 15.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Ivy ME, Possenti PP, Kepros J, Atweh NA, D’Aiuto M, Palmer J, Pineau M, Bums GA, Caushaj PE. Abdominal compartment syndrome in patients with bums. J Burn Care Rehabil 1999; 20: 351 - 3.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Thomae KR. Chemical bums. Probl Gen Surg 1994; 11: 639.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Latenser BA, Lucktong TA. Anhydrous ammonia bums: case presentation and literature review J Burn Care Rehabil 2000; 21: 40 - 2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Demling RH, Electrical injury. In: Scientific American Surgery. Wilmore DW, ed. New York: ScientificGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Larry M. Jones
    • 1
  1. 1.The Mercy Hospital of PittsburghPittsburghUSA

Personalised recommendations