The term “acute renal failure” (ARF) describes a syndrome characterized by a rapid decrease in the ability of the kidney to eliminate waste products. Such loss of excretory function is clinically manifested by the accumulation of end products of the metabolism of nitrogen (urea and creatinine), which is routinely measured in patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). Other typical clinical manifestations include decreased urine output (not always present), accumulation of nonvolatile acids, and an increased concentration of serum potassium.
KeywordsAcute Renal Failure Renal Replacement Therapy Loop Diuretic Acute Tubular Necrosis Renal Vasoconstriction
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