Intra-Abdominal Sepsis

  • Peter W. Marcello

Abstract

Postoperative infection has surpassed hemorrhage as the leading cause of mortality among surgical patients. Despite advances in diagnostic modalities, antibiotic therapy, and critical care medicine, mortality remains high. Infra-abdominal infection is defined as an inflammatory response of the peritoneum to microorganisms and their toxins, which results in purulent exudate in the abdominal cavity (1). The transition from infra-abdominal infection to infra-abdominal sepsis occurs when the domain of the local inflammatory process breaches the abdominal cavity and the patient develops the systemic physiologic and immunologic manifestations of inflammation. This chapter reviews the systemic response to inflammation, the causes of infra-abdominal sepsis, diagnosis, and management.

Keywords

Catheter Tuberculosis Polysaccharide Pancreatitis Histamine 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter W. Marcello
    • 1
  1. 1.Lahey Clinic Medical CenterBurlingtonUSA

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