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Immunosuppression and Treatment of Rejection

  • M. Roy First

Abstract

The introduction in the 1980s of cyclosporine and monoclonal antibodies represented a major therapeutic advance in solid organ transplantation. The United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) has recently released the 1- and 2-year graft and patient survival rates for solid organ transplants (1). These survival rates are illustrated in Table 1. Currently, there are a number of promising new immunosuppressive agents on the horizon, and it appears likely that further advances will be made in our ability to control the immune response (2,3). A dynamic interaction exists between basic immunology and clinical transplantation. Advances in immunobiology have resulted in a better understanding of the immunological events involved in the recognition of and response to transplant antigens and have led to a better understanding of the action of various immunosuppressive agents. This chapter reviews the mechanisms involved in the immune response, how currently used immunosuppressive agents act, the possible role for future immunosuppressive drugs, the current approach to clinical immunosuppressive therapy, and the diagnosis and treatment of acute rejection.

Keywords

Acute Rejection Allograft Rejection Renal Allograft Transplant Proc Rejection Episode 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Roy First
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Nephrology and HypertensionUniversity of Cincinnati Medical CenterCincinnatiUSA

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