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Mixed Acid-Base Disorders

  • Nicolaos E. Madias
  • Horacio J. Adrogué

Abstract

The simultaneous presence of two or more acid-base disturbances produces the conditions known as mixed acid-base disorders. Characterization of these disorders and proper identification of their pathogenesis can be a challenging task and is a prerequisite for taking sound corrective action (1–5). Such therapeutic measures might be of critical importance because many mixed acid-base disorders confer high morbidity and mortality. Furthermore, mixed acid-base disturbances are commonly observed in hospitalized patients, especially those in critical care units. Moreover, under certain circumstances, detection of a mixed acid-base disorder might provide a clue to the presence of a previously unrecognized disease.

Keywords

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Metabolic Acidosis Lactic Acidosis Metabolic Alkalosis Respiratory Acidosis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nicolaos E. Madias
    • 1
  • Horacio J. Adrogué
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Nephrology, New England Medical CenterTufts University School of MedicineBostonUSA
  2. 2.Renal Section Department of Veterans Affairs Medical CenterBaylor College of MedicineHoustonUSA

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