Structural Relationships between the Chick Oviduct Progesterone Receptor A and B Proteins
The chick oviduct contains two distinct forms of the progesterone receptor, termed progestophilins A (Mr = 79,000) and B (Mr = 117,000). Although these two hormone-binding proteins differ significantly in physico-chemical characteristics, a good deal of similarity exists between these two molecules. Thus, both proteins display identical hormone-binding kinetics and steroid specificity. The hormone-binding fragments obtained after the action of an endogenous oviduct Ca2+-activated protease are indistinguishable as analyzed by gel filtration chromatography. Both the A and B proteins are capable of binding to DNA-cellulose, although they elute at very different salt concentrations when subjected to gradient elution. In spite of these similarities all attempts to demonstrate the conversion of progestophilin B to A or to show a common precursor to both have been unsuccessful. Therefore, either the A and B receptor proteins are separate products of closely related genes or the conversion of one form to another occurs very rapidly either in vivo or in vitro.
KeywordsSodium Dodecyl Sulfate Progesterone Receptor Receptor Protein Ammonium Sulfate Major Protein Band
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