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Surfaces of Small Particles

  • Jan-Erik Otterstedt
  • Dale A. Brandreth
Chapter

Abstract

Modern surface physics, using techniques such as x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, XPS, low-energy ion scattering, LEIS, Auger Electron spectroscopy, AES, secondary ion mass spectroscopy, SIMS, electron microscopy of different types, thermal desorption spectroscopy, and several other techniques, makes possible a detailed characterization of the surface of small particles in particular. Common to all these techniques, however, is that the material must be studied as a dry solid and often under very low pressure. Many of the small particles discussed in this book, on the other hand, are born in water and in most applications they are used, at least initially, in the form of aqueous dispersions. The surface of the small particles will, of course, be affected by the water and indeed other components present in the dispersion. Moreover, the surface properties of small particles in aqueous dispersions can often be drastically changed by deliberate modification of the particle surface. The most important methods for studying the properties of small particles in aqueous dispersions are acid-base titration, electrophoresis, and adsorption of cations, usually metal cations and anions, onto the particles.

Keywords

Zeta Potential Silica Particle Colloidal Particle Silanol Group Silica Surface 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jan-Erik Otterstedt
    • 1
  • Dale A. Brandreth
    • 2
  1. 1.Chalmers University of TechnologyGothenburgSweden
  2. 2.Widener UniversityChesterUSA

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