On the Evolution of Risk Assessment and Risk Management and the Future Needs

  • Fred Hoerger
Part of the Advances in Risk Analysis book series (AIRA, volume 5)


Only a quarter century ago, health and ecological concerns were dealt with almost exclusively by experts — scientists and technologists who relied upon their experience, intuition, judgment, empirical rules of thumb, and a sense of safe vs. unsafe.


Risk Assessment Risk Management Related Biological Science Hazard Identification Risk Analyst 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Covello, Vincent T. and Jeryl Mumpower. “Risk Analysis and Risk Management: An Historical Perspective.” Risk Analysis. June, 1985.Google Scholar
  2. Gehring, Perry, J. “On Chemicals and Risks.” Chemtech. September, 1985.Google Scholar
  3. Hutchinson, J. Brit. Med. J 2: 1280. 1887.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. National Academy of Sciences. Risk Assessment in the Federal Government: Managing the Process. National Academy Press. 1983.Google Scholar
  5. Lowrance, William W. Modern Science and Human Values. Oxford University Press. 1985.Google Scholar
  6. Upton, Arthur C., Goldstein, Bernard D., et al. “Human Health and the Environment: Some Research Needs.” Report of the Third Task Force for Research Planning in Environmental Health Science. 1985.Google Scholar
  7. Council on Environmental Quality. “Report on Long-term Environmental Researah and Development.” March, 1985.Google Scholar
  8. Executive Committee, Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) Committee to Coordinate Environmental and Related Programs ( CCERP). “Risk Assessment and Risk Management of Toxic Substances.” A Report to the Secretary DHHS. April, 1985.Google Scholar
  9. Steward, Richard B. “Economic, Environment, and the Limits of Legal Control.” Harvard Environmental Law Review. Vol. 9: 1. 1985.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fred Hoerger
    • 1
  1. 1.Health and Environmental SciencesThe Dow Chemical CompanyMidlandUSA

Personalised recommendations