Prioritizing Health Risk Assessments
Health Risk Assessments are being conducted with increasing frequency. The stages of a Health Risk Assessment (HRA) are generally described as Problem Identification, Hazard Assessment, Exposure Characterization, Risk Analysis, and Risk Management. While much emphasis is correctly placed on the risk analysis step, the problem identification stage is often overlooked. When resources to conduct HRA’s are limited, prioritization becomes a key process, especially for corporations faced with the need to fully assess numerous chemicals. Identifying a list of chemical candidates for HRA is only a first step that should be followed by a systematic priority analysis. Data from a priority analysis of petroleum products and petrochemicals were generated and analyzed. The data were generated through use of an Integrated Risk Index System, which was first presented by the author at the 1983 Society of Risk Analysis Meeting. Conclusions are reached suggesting that the important factors necessary for informed, defensible prioritization decisions can be categorized as “inherent,” “internal,” and “external.” The detailed description of these three factors provide a working guide for generating informed judgments how best to apply limited resources to assess the health risks of a large group of chemical candidates.
Key WordsRisk Prioritization Health Risk Assessment
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- Rosenblum, G. R., Effron, W.S., Siva, J.L., Mancini, E.R., Roth, R.N. (in press) An Integrated Risk Index System, Proceedings of the Society for Risk Analysis, 1983 Annual Meeting, New York.Google Scholar