Selfish Safety or Redistributed Risks? Trade-offs among Automobile Occupants’ Accident Fatality Risks

  • Hans C. Joksch
  • Stuart F. Spicker
  • Donald F. Mela
Part of the Advances in Risk Analysis book series (AIRA, volume 5)


For a long time it has been known that large cars are safer than small cars. Recently, this has been widely publicized by The Car Book (1980), published by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration under President Carter’s administration, and in publications of the Highway Loss Data Institute (HLDI, 1981), some findings of which were cited by General Motors Corp. in newspaper advertisements in 1982.


Occupant Injury Heavy Vehicle Fatality Risk National Highway Traffic Safety Administration National Highway Traffic Safety 
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  1. Automobile Insurance Losses/Personal Injury Protection Coverages (Claim Frequency Results by Size of Claim: 1978–1980 Models) Research Report HLDI, I 80–1, September 1981, Washington, D.C., Highway Loss Data Institute.Google Scholar
  2. Car Book December 1980, U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.Google Scholar
  3. Joksch, Hans C., August, 1974, “A Simple Formula to Estimate the Impact of Vehicle Weight Distribution upon Deaths in Two-Car Crashes,”-CEM Working Note 526, Hartford, Connecticut, Center for Environment and Man, Inc. Joksch, Hans C., 1983, “Light-Weight Car Safety Analysis: Phase I I, Part II-Occupant Fatality and Injury Risk In Relation to Car Weight,” Hartford, Connecticut, Center for the Environment and Man, Inc.Google Scholar
  4. Mela, Donald F., 1974, “How Safe Can You Be in. a Small Car?” in Proceedings of the Third International Congress on Automotive Safety San Francisco, National Motor Vehicle Safety Advisory Council, Vol. II, pp. 48–1 to 30.Google Scholar
  5. Mela, Donald F., 1975, “A Statistical Relation Between Car Weight and Injuries,” U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Technical Note, DOT-HS-801–629.Google Scholar
  6. U.S. Department of Transportation National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, May, 1985, Motor Vehicle Safety 1983, DOT-HS-806–731Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hans C. Joksch
    • 1
  • Stuart F. Spicker
    • 2
  • Donald F. Mela
    • 3
  1. 1.Mid-America Research Institute, Inc.HartfordUSA
  2. 2.Division of Humanistic Studies in Medicine Department of Community Medicine and Health Care School of MedicineUniversity of Connecticut Health CenterFarmingtonUSA
  3. 3.Mathematical Analysis DivisionNational Highway Traffic Safety AdministrationUSA

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