Advertisement

Nutrition and Breast Cancer

  • Geoffrey R. Howe
Part of the Nutrition ◊ and ◊ Health book series (NH)

Abstract

Breast cancer is the most significant cancer occurring among women in the United States in terms of incidence. In 1995 it has been estimated that there were 182,000 new cases of the disease among women and 46,000 deaths attributable to breast cancer (1). High rates of breast cancer are also seen in Western European and similar populations, including Canada and Australia. Rates of this disease are generally lower in Asian countries, such as Japan and China, but in these latter populations rates have substantially increased over the past several decades (2).

Keywords

Breast Cancer Breast Cancer Risk Natl Cancer Inst Total Energy Intake Postmenopausal Breast Cancer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Cancer Facts and Figures-1995, American Cancer Society, Atlanta; 1995.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Parkin DM, Muir CS, Whelan SL, Gao Y-T, Ferlay J, Powell J. Cancer Incidence in Five Continents, Vol VI. Lyon: WHO International Agency for Research on Cancer, 1992.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kelsey JL. Breast Cancer Epidemiology: Summary and Future Direction. Epidemiol Rev 1993; 15:256–263.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Prentice R, Calker F, Hurting S, Chopart L, Kleig R, Kushi LH. Aspects of the rational for the Women’s Health Trial. J Natl Cancer Inst 1988; 80:802–814.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Willett WC. Nutritional Epidemiology. Oxford University Press, 1990.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Greenland S, Morganstern H. Ecological bias, confounding, and effect modification (erratum appears in 1991 • 20:824). Int J Epidemiol 1989; 18:269–274.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Friedenreich CM, Howe GR, MillerAB. The effect of recall bias on the association of calorie-providing nutrients and breast cancer. Epidemiology 1990; 2:424–429.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Giovannucci E, Stampfer MJ, Colditz GA, Manson J, Rosner B, Longnecker M, et al. A comparison of prospective and retrospective assessments of diet in the study of breast cancer. Am J Epidemiol 1991; 7:714 (abstract).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Tannenbaum A. Genesis and growth of tumors. III. Effects of a high fat diet. Cancer Res 1942; 2:468–475.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Carroll KK. Experimental studies of dietary fat and cancer in relation to epidemiological data. Prog Clin Biol Res 1986; 222:231–248.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Boissoneault GA, Elson CE, Pariza MW. Net energy effect of dietary fat on chemically induced mammary carcinogenesis in F344 rats. J Natl Cancer Inst 1986; 76:335–338.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Prentice RL, Sheppard L. Dietary fat and cancer: consistency of the epidemiologic data, and disease prevention that may follow from a practical reduction in fat consumption. Cancer Causes Control 1990; 1:81–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Tominga S. Cancer incidence in Japanese in Japan, Hawaii and western United States. Natl Cancer Inst Monogr 1985; 69:83–92.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Howe GR, Hirohata T, Hislop TG, Iscovich JM, Yuan JM, Katsouyanni K, et al. Dietary factors and risk of breast cancer: combined analysis of 12 case-control studies. J Natl Cancer Inst 1990; 82:561–569.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Katsouyanni K, Trichopoulos D, Boyle P, Xirouchaki E, Trichopoulou A, Lisseos B, et al. Diet and breast cancer: a case-control study in Greece. Int J Cancer 1986; 38:815–820.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Katsouyanni K, Willett W, Trichopoulos D, Boyle P, Trichopoulo A, Vasilaros S, et al. Risk of breast cancer among Greek women in relation to nutrient intake. Cancer 1988; 61:181–185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Miller AB, Kelly A, Choi NW. A study of diet and breast cancer. Am J Epidemiol 1978; 107:499–509.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hirohata T, Nomura A, Hankin JH, Kolonel LN, Lee J. An epidemiologic study on the association between diet and breast cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst 1987; 78:595–600.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Hislop TG, Coldman AJ, Elwood JM, Brauer G, Kan L. Childhood and recent eating patterns and risk of breast cancer. Cancer Detect Prev 1986; 9:47–58.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Lubin F, Wax YK, Modan B. Role of fat, animal protein and dietary fiber in breast cancer etiology: a casecontrol study. J Natl Cancer Inst 1986; 77:605–612.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Rohan TE, McMichael AJ, Baghurst PA. A population-based case-control study of diet and breast cancer in Australia. Am J Epidemiol 1988; 128:478–489.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Yu S. Risk factors of breast cancer in Shanghai. Tumor 1984; 4:1–21.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Yuan JM, Yu MC, Ross RK, Gao Y-T, Henderson BE. Risk factors for breast cancer in Chinese women in Shanghai. Cancer Res 1988; 48:1949–1953.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Toniolo P, Riboli E, Protta F, Charrel M, Cappa APM. Calorie-providing nutrients and risk of breast cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst 1989; 81:278–286.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Marubini E, Decarli A, Costa A, Mazzoleni C, Andreoli C, Barbieri A, et al. The relationship of dietary intake and serum levels of retinol and beta-carotene with breast cancer: results of a case-control study. Cancer 1988; 61:173–180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Graham S, Marshall J, Mettin C, Rzepka T, Nemoto T, Byers T. Diet in the epidemiology of breast cancer. Am J Epidemiol 1982; 116:68–75.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Graham S, Hellmann R, Marshall J, Rudenheim J, Vena J, Swanson M, et al. Nutritional epidemiology of postmenopausal cancer in western New York. Am J Epidemiol 1991; 134:552–566.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Hirohata T, Shigematsu T, Nomura AMY, Nomura Y, Horie A, Hirohata I. Occurrence of breast cancer in relation to diet and reproductive history: a case-control study in Fukuoka, Japan. Natl Cancer Inst Monogr 1985; 69:187–190.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Ewertz M, Gill C. Dietary factors and breast cancer risk in Denmark. Int J Cancer 1990; 46:779–784.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Zaridze D, Lifanova Y, Maximovitch D, Day NE, Duffy SW. Diet, alcohol consumption and reproductive factors in a case-control study of breast cancer in Moscow. Int J Cancer 1991; 48:493–501.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Richardson S, Gerber M, Cenee S. The role of fat, animal protein and some vitamin consumption in breast cancer: a case control study in southern France. Int J Cancer 1991; 48:1–9.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Van’t Veer P, Kok FJ, Brants HAM, Ockhuizen T, Sturmans F, Hermus RJJ. Dietary fat and the risk of breast cancer. Int J Cancer 1990; 19:12–18.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Iscovich J, Howe GR, Kaldor JM. A case-control study of breast cancer in Argentina. Int J Cancer 1990; 44:770–776.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Hunter DJ, Spiegelman D, Adami HO, Beeson L, van den Brandt PA, Folsom AR, et al. Cohort studies of fat intake and risk of breast cancer: a pooled analysis. New Eng J Med 1996; 334:356–361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Beeson WL, Mills PK, Phillips RL, Andress M, Fraser GE. Chronic disease among Seventh Day Adventists, a low risk group. Cancer 1989; 64:570–581.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Mills PK, Beeson WL, Phillips RL, Fraser GE. Dietary habits and breast cancer incidence among Seventh Day Adventists. Cancer 1989; 64:582–590.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Phillips RL, Kuzma JW. Estimating major nutrient intake from self-administered food frequency questionnaires. Am J Epidemiol 1976; 104:354–355 (abstract).Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Abbey DE, Andress M, Fraser GE, Morgan J, Kuzma J. Validity and reliability of alternative nutrient indices based on a food frequency questionnaire. Am J Epidemiol 1988; 4:934 (abstract).Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Howe GR, Friedenreich CM, Jain M, MillerAB. A cohort study of fat intake and risk of breast cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst 1991; 83:336–340.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Jain MG, Harrison L, Howe GR, et al. Evaluation of a self-administered dietary questionnaire for use in a cohort study. Am J Clin Nutr 1982; 36:931–935.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Kushi LH, Sellers TA, Potter JD, et al. Dietary fat and postmenopausal breast cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst 1992; 84:1092–1099.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Bostick RM, Potter JD, McKenzie DR, et al. Reduced risk of colon cancer with high intake of vitamin E: the Iowa Women’s Health Study. Cancer Res 1993; 53:4230–4237.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Munger RG, Folsom AR, Kushi LH, Kaye SA, Sellers TA. Dietary assessment of older Iowa women with a food frequency questionnaire: nutrient intake, reproducibility, and comparison with 24-hour dietary recall interviews. Am J Epidemiol 1992; 136:192–200.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    van den Brandt PA, Goldbohm RA, van’t Veer P, Volovics A, Hermus RJ, Sturman F. A large-scale prospective cohort study on diet and cancer in the Netherlands. J Clin Epidemiol 1990; 43:285–295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    van den Brandt PA, van’t Veer P, Goldbohm RA, et al. A prospective cohort study on dietary tat and the nsk of postmenopausal breast cancer risk. Cancer Res 1993; 53:75–82.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Goldbohm RA, van den Brandt Pa, Brants HA, et al. Validation of a dietary questionnaire used in a largescale prospective cohort study on diet and cancer. Eur J Clin Nutr 1994; 48:253–265.Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Graham S, Zielezny M, Marshall J, et al. Diet in the epidemiology of postmenopausal breast cancer in the New York State cohort. Am J Enidemiol 1992: 136:1327–1337.Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Willett WC, Stampfer MJ, Colditz GA, Rosner BA, Speizer FE. Relation of meat, fat and fiber intake to the risk of colon cancer in a prospective study among women. New Engl J Med 1990; 323:1664–1672.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Willett WC, Hunter DJ, Stampfer MJ, et al. Dietary fat and fiber in relation to risk of breast cancer. an 8-year follow-up. JAMA 1992; 268:2037–2044.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Holmberg L, Ohlander EM, Byers T, et al. Diet and breast cancer risk: results from a population-based, case-control study in Sweden. Arch Intern Med 1994; 154:1805–1811.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Toniolo P, Riboli E, Shore RE, Pasternack BS. Consumption of meat, animal products, protein, and fat and risk of breast cancer: a prospective cohort study in New York. Epidemiology 1994; 5:391–397.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Martin-Moreno JM, Willett WC, Gorgojo L, et al. Dietary fat, olive oil intake and breast cancer risk. Int J Cancer 1994; 58:774–780.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Trichopoulo A, Katsouyanni K, Stuver S, Tzala L, Gnardellis C, Rimm E, Trichopoulos D. Consumption of olive oil and specific food groups in relation to breast cancer risk in Greece. J Natl Cancer Inst 1995; 87:110–116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Steinmetz KA, Potter JD. Vegetables, fruit, and cancer. I. Epidemiology. Cancer Causes Control 1991; 2:325–357.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Block G, Patterson B, Subar A. Fruit, vegetables, and cancer prevention: a review of the epidemiological evidence. Nutr Cancer 1992; 18:1–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Graham S, Hellmann R, Marshall J, et al. Nutritional epidemiology of postmenopausal breast cancer in western New York. Am J Epidemiol 1991; 134:552–566.Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Baghurst PA, Rohan TE. High-fiber diets and reduced risk of breast cancer. Int J Cancer 1994; 56:173–176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Lanza E, Shankar S, Trock B. In: Macronutrients. Investigating Their Role in Cancer. Miczzi MS, Moon TE, eds. New York: Marcel Dekker, 1992; 293–319.Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Potischman N, McCulloch CE, Byers T, et al. Breast cancer and dietary and plasma concentrations of carotenoids and vitamin A. Am J Clin Nutr 1990; 52:909–915.Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    La Veechia C, Decarli A, Franceschi S, Gentile A, Negri E, Parazzini E Dietary factors and the risk of breast cancer. Nutr Cancer 1987; 10:208–214.Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Ingram DM, Nottage E, Roberts T. The role of diet in the development of breast cancer: a case-control study of patients with breast cancer, benign epithelial hyperplasia, and fibrocystic disease of the breast. Br J Cancer 1991; 64:187–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Hunter DJ, Stampfer MJ, Colditz GA, et al. A prospective study of consumption of vitamins A, C and E and breast cancer risk. Am J Enidemiol 1991: 134:715 (abstractl.Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Graham S, Marshall J, Mettlin C, Rzepka T, Nemoto T, Byers T. Diet in the epidemiology of breast cancer. Am J Epidemiol 1982; 116:68–75.Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    van’t Veer P, Kolb CM, Verhoef P, et al. Dietary fiber, beta carotene and breast cancer: results from a casecontrol study. Int J Cancer 1990; 45:825–828.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Lee HP, Gourley L, Duffy SW, Esteve J, Lee J, Day NE. Dietary effects on breast cancer risk in Singapore. Lancet 1991; 337:1197–1200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Rohan TE, Howe GR, Friedenreich CM, et al. Dietary fiber, vitamins A, C and E, and risk of breast cancer: a cohort study. Cancer Causes Control 1993; 4:29–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Schultz TD, Howe BJ. In vitro binding of steroid hormones by natural and purified fibers. Nutr Cancer 1986;8:141–147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Rose DP. Dietary fiber and breast cancer. Nutr Cancer 1990; 13:1–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Adlecreutz H, Fotsis T, Bannwart C, et al. Determination of urinary lignans and phytoestrogen metabolites, potential antiestrogens and anticarcinogens in urine of women on various habitual diets. J Steroid Biochem 1986; 25:791–797.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Diet and Health, Implications for Reducing Chronic Disease Risk. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1989.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Geoffrey R. Howe

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations