Advertisement

Goals for Preventive Nutrition in Developing Countries

  • Osman M. Galal
  • Gail G. Harrison
Part of the Nutrition ◊ and ◊ Health book series (NH)

Abstract

Developing countries are increasingly facing the dilemma of dealing simultaneously with problems of persistent endemic malnutrition affecting primarily children and women of reproductive age and with increasing prevalences of obesity and of dietrelated chronic diseases among adults. Unless this dilemma is squarely faced and rationally addressed, there is the real possibility that scarce preventive health and nutrition resources will be simply fragmented, resulting in deterioration rather than progress toward health for all. The health transition (and by implication, the nutrition transition) has widely different dynamics in different countries, but everywhere is bringing into focus the need to seriously reassess goals and objectives for disease control and for preventive nutrition.

Keywords

Micronutrient Deficiency Health Transition Nutrition Transition Household Food Insecurity Epidemiologic Transition 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Omran A. The epidemiologic transition: a theory of the epidemiology of population change. Milbank Memorial Fund 1971; 49:509–538.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bobadilla JL, Frenk J, Lozano R, Frejka T, Stern C. The epidemiologic transition and health priorities. In: Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries, Jamison DR, Mosley WH, Measham AR, Banadilla JL, eds., Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993, pp. 51–63.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Frenk J, Bobadilla JL, Sepulveda J, Lopez-Cervantes M. Health transition in middle-income countries: new challenges for health care. Health Policy Plann 1987; 4:29–39.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Jamison DT, Mosley WH. Disease control priorities in developing countries: health policy responses to epidemiologic change. Am J Public Health 1991; 81:15–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Popkin B. Nutritional pattems and transitions. Popul Dev Rev 1993; 19:138–157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Popkin B, Ge K, Zhai F, Guo X, Ma H, Zohoori N. The nutrition transition in China: a cross-sectional analysis. Eur J Clin Nutr 1993; 47:333–346.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Montiero CA, Mondini L, Medeiros de SouzaAL, Popkin BM. The nutrition transition in Brazil. Eur J Clin Nutr 1995; 49:105–113.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Popkin B. The nutrition transition. SCN News No. 10, 1993. Geneva: Administrative Committee on Coordination: Subcommittee on Nutrition (ACC/SCN), United Nations, pp. 13–18.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Solomons NW, Gross R. Urban nutrition in developing countries. Nutr Rev 1995; 53:90–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Galal OM, Harrison GG. The crowded metropolis: health and nutrition in Cairo. In: Poverty, Population and Politics: Middle East Cities in Crisis Bonine M, ed, 1996; Gainesville, FL, University of Florida Press, 1996.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Popkin BM, Keyou G, Fengying Z, Guo X, Haijiang M, Zohoori N. The nutrition transition in China: a cross-sectional analysis. Eur J Clin Nutr 1993; 47:333–346.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Monteiro CA, Mondini L, Medeiors de Souza AL, Popkin BM. The nutrition transition in Brazil. Eur J Clin Nutr 1995; 49:105–113.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Billéwicz WZ, McGregor IA. A birth-to-maturity longitudinal study of heights and weights in two West African (Gambian) villages, 1951–1977. Ann Hum Biol 1992; 9:309–320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Binhemd T, Larbi EB, Absoon D. Obesity in a primary health care center: a retrospective study. Ann Saudi Med 1991; 11:163–166.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Chinwe Okeke E, Nnanyelugo DO, Ngwu E. The prevalence of obesity in adults by age, sex and occupation in Anambra State, Nigeria. Growth 1983; 47:263–271.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Collins V, Dowse G, Zimmet P. Prevalence of obesity in Pacific and Indian Ocean populations. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 1990; 10(Suppl 1):29S–32S.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Dhurandhar NV, Kulkarni PR. Prevalence of obesity in Bombay. Int J Obes 1992; 16:367–375.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Gurney M, Gorstein J. The global prevalence of obesity: an initial overview of available data. World Health Statistics Q 1989; 41:251–254.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Lolio C, Latorre M. Prevalence of obesity in a county town of Sao Paulo State Brazil. Rev Saude Publica 1991; 25:33–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Norgan NG. Body mass index and body energy stores in developing countries. Eur Clin Nutr 1990; 44(Suppl l ):79–84.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Khan LK, Harrison GG, Galal OM, Ritenbaugh C, Shaheen FM, Kirksey A, Jerome NW. Prevalence and functional correlates of obesity in an Egyptian village. Ecology Food Nutr 1996; 34:311–325.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Khorshid A, Galal OM. Development of a food consumption monitoring system for Egypt. Final report to the US Department of Agriculture and the Ministry of Agriculture of Eygpt, September 1995.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Popkin BM. The nutrition transition. SCN News 1993; 10:13–15.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Palmer JR, Rosenberg L, Shapiro S. Stature and the risk of myocardial infarction in women. Am J Epidemio11990; 132:27–32.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Waaler HT. Height, weight and mortality. The Norwegian experience. Acata Med Scand (Suppl) 1984; 679:2–50.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Barker DJP. Mothers, Babies and Disease in Later Life. London: BMJ Publishing Group, 1994.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Barker DJP. Rise and fall of western diseases. Nature 1989; 338:371–372.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    World Health Organization. Global Estimates for Health Situation Assessment and Projections, 1990. Geneva: WHO, 1990.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Lopez AD. Causes of death in industrial and developing countries: estimates for 1985–1990. In: Jamison DT, Mosley WH, Meashom AR, Bobodilla JL, eds, Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press for the World Bank, 1993.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Kinsella KG. Changes in life expectancy 1900–1990. Am J Clin Nutr 1992; 55:1196S–1202S.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Barr DA, Field MG. The current state of health care in the former Soviet Union: implications for health care policy and reform. Am J Public Health 1996; 86:307–312.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Tulchinsky TH, Varavikova EA. Addressing the epidemiologic transition in the former Soviet Union: strategies for health system and public health reform in Russia. Am J Public Health 1996; 86:313–320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Selowsky M. Protecting nutrition status in adjustment programmes: recent World Bank activities and projects in Latin America. Food Nutr Bull 1991; 13:293–302.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Caldwell JC. Health transition: the cultural, social and behavioural determinants of health in the third world. Soc Sci Med 1993; 36:125–135.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Caldwell JC. Routes to low mortality in poor countries. Popul Dev Rev 1986; 12:171–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Oshaug A. Towards Nutrition Security. Country Paper for Norway for the International Conference on Nutrition. Oslo: University of Oslo Institute for Nutrition Research, 1992; pp. 1–99.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Mohs E. Health policies and strategies. In: The Nutrition and Health Transition of Democratic Costa Rica Monuz C, Scrimshaw NS, eds., Boston MA: International Foundation for Developing Countries, 1995.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    US Department of Health and Human Services. Healthy people 2000: goals for the Health of the Nation. Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1990.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Amador M, Pena M. Nutrition and health issues in Cuba: strategies for a developing country. Food Nutr Bull 1991; 13:311–317.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    FAO/WHO. World Declaration and Plan of Action for Nutrition. International Conference on Nutrition, 1992.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    World Health Organization. Nutrition: highlights of recent activities in the context of the world declaration and plan of action for nutrition. 1995; Geneva: WHO Nutrition Programme, 1995.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Osman M. Galal
  • Gail G. Harrison

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations