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Effects of Western Diet on Risk Factors of Chronic Diseases in Asia

  • Kaichi Kida
  • Takuo Ito
  • Sei Won Yang
  • Vichai Tanphaichitr
Part of the Nutrition ◊ and ◊ Health book series (NH)

Abstract

Infectious diseases and malnutrition were the major medical problems in most Asian countries before the World War II and are still so today in some parts of Asia. The structure of diseases has been dramatically changed in many Asian countries after World War II, in parallel with a rapid development of the economy followed by Westernization of lifestyles. The GNP has been increased by 20 times in Japan, 43 times in Korea, and 17 times in Thailand in the past 25 yr and lifestyles in housing, clothing, and eating have been westernized in these countries. Westernization of diets is seen in an increase of protein and fat consumption at meals and the prevalence of American style fast foods, such as hamburgers and fried chicken. In Japan, Korea, and Thailand, the three leading causes of death today are neoplasms, heart disease, and cerebrovascular disease, as they are in Europe and North America. The cost for cardiovascular disease in Japan in 1992 was US$44 billion, accounting for 6% of the national budget. Chronic diseases resulting from atherosclerosis are not only a medical, but also a growing economic problem in Asian as well as Western countries. Thus, more attention is required aimed at prevention of risk factors for these chronic diseases by nutritional intervention. In this chapter, the relationship between Westernization of diets and chronic diseases based on atherosclerosis or their risk factors in Asian countries is reviewed. Nutritional recommendations are described in reference to prevention of risk factors for chronic diseases based on atherosclerosis.

Keywords

Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Ischemic Heart Disease Salt Intake Total Energy Intake National Nutrition Survey 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kaichi Kida
  • Takuo Ito
  • Sei Won Yang
  • Vichai Tanphaichitr

There are no affiliations available

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