Prevention of Malnutrition in Chile

  • Fernando Mönckeberg
Part of the Nutrition ◊ and ◊ Health book series (NH)


During the last thirty years, a progressive and continuous improvement in the health and nutrition of infants and preschool children has taken place in Chile. Biomedical indicators show that Chile has reached one of the highest levels in the region, although during this period per capita gross national product (GNP) has not changed substantially. Also during this same period, economic policies have changed drastically, ranging from a planned, centralized economy, to an open, liberal economy from 1976 until the present. In the last thirty years the country has confronted many severe economic and political crises. A socialist government was overthrown by a military coup in 1973. Two severe economic crises occurred in 1975 and 1982, associated with high unemployment rates that, in the latter period, reached 20% of the total labor force. Despite these numerous changes and crises, malnutrition and infant and preschool child mortality have continued to decrease.


Infant Mortality Preschool Child Primary Health Care Center Severe Malnutrition Gross National Product 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Monckeberg FS, Valiente S, Mardones F infant and preschool nutrition: economical development versus intervention strategies, the case of chile. Nutr Res 1987; 7:327.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Monckeberg F. The Possibilities for nutrition intervention in LatinAmerica. Food Tech 1981; 35:115–121.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Commissions on Health Research Development. Health Research: Essential Link to Equity in Development. Oxford University Press, 1990; pp. 10.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Terra JP. Situación de la Infancia en Latinoamérica y el Caribe Remarks at the Annual Meeting of UNICEF, Mexico City, May 16–18,1979.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Mönckeberg F Socioeconomic development and nutritional status: efficiency of intervention programs. In Nutrition Intervention Strategies in National Development. Underwood, ed. New York: Academic Press, 1983; 31.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Taucher E. Effects of Declining Fertility on Infant Mortality Levels. New York: Rockefeller Foundation, 1986. unpublished report.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Mönckeberg F, Valiente S, eds. Food and Nutrition Policy in Chile Santiago: Instituto de Nutrición y Technologéa de los Alimentos, 1976.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Moncherberg F, Riumallo J. Nutrition recovery centers: the Chilean Experience, in: Nutrition Intervention Strategies in National Development Underwood BA, ed., New York: Academic 1983, p. 31–42.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Monckeberg F Treatment of severe malnutrition during the first year of life. In: Nutrition in the 1980s: Constraints on Our Knowledge. New York: 1981; 141.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gonzalez N, et al. Evaluación preliminar del programa de pomento a la lactancia materna. Rev Chilean Pediatr 1982; 54:360.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Valiente S, et al. Evolución de la mortalidad infantil y otros indicadores Conexos en Chile, entre 1962 y 1981. Unpublished Report.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Gonzalez N, Infante A, Schlesinger L, Monckeberg F Effectiveness of suplementary feeding programs in Chile. In: Nutrition Intervention Strategies in National Development. (Underwood B ed), New York, Academic Press, 1983; pp. 101–109.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Schlesinger L, et al. Environmental sanitation: a nutrition intervention. In: Nutrition Intervention Strategies in National Development. Underwood Academy: 1983; p. 241.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Monckeberg F Crear para competir y Competir para Seguir Creando. Santiago: Editorial Andrés Bello, 1980.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fernando Mönckeberg

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations