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Maternal Nutrition and Preterm Delivery

  • Theresa O. Scholl
  • Mary L. Hediger
Part of the Nutrition ◊ and ◊ Health book series (NH)

Abstract

The United States has an infant mortality rate that ranks 20th worldwide. A major cause of this poor rank is an excess of preterm deliveries to US women compared with lower ranking countries, such as Norway (1). Preterm delivery (<37-completed-weeks’ gestation) contributes substantially to low birth weight (LBW, <2500 g) but is not synonymous with it. Of all infants weighing <2500 g, 60–70% are born before 37 completed weeks, and the remainder are term infants who were growth-restricted in utero (small-for-gestational-age [SGA]) (2). Preterm delivery is held to be the strongest underlying risk factor for infant mortality, accounting for 85% of the early neonatal deaths not because of lethal congenital defects (3). In the United States, it is estimated that nearly three-quarters of all neonatal deaths occur among infants who deliver too early (4).

Keywords

Preterm Birth Fetal Growth Preterm Delivery Gestational Weight Gain Zinc Supplementation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Theresa O. Scholl
  • Mary L. Hediger

There are no affiliations available

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