Making the world more peaceful

Policy implications of cross-cultural research
  • Melvin Ember
  • Carol R. Ember


Is the reduction or elimination of war a realistic possibility, given the anthropological record? We believe the answer to this question is yes and that it is not utopian to think so. We say this because the results of our cross-cultural studies of war and peace suggest practical policies that could reduce the likelihood of war in the world. We assume that most people would choose to solve their problems peacefully, if they could. The policies discussed here, if adopted by the United States of America (USA) and other powerful countries, could make it less likely that people would go to war to solve their problems. The suggested policies are not just wishful thinking. In some respects they are extensions of policies already in place. We discuss the suggested policies after we review the cross-cultural results.


Political Participation Disaster Relief Powerful Country Ethnographic Record Suggested Policy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Ember, CR, and Ember, M., 1992, Resource unpredictability, mistrust, and war: a cross-cultural study. J Conflict Resol. 36: 242–262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ember, CR, and Ember, M., 1992, Warfare, aggression, and resource problems: cross-cultural codes. Behay. Sci. Res. 26: 169–226.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ember, CR, Ember, M., and Russett, B., 1992, Peace between participatory polities: a cross-cultural test of the “democracies rarely fight each other” hypothesis. World Politics 44: 573–599.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ember, C.R, Russett, B., and Ember, M., 1993, Political participation and peace: cross-cultural codes. Cross-Cultural Res. 27: 97–145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ember, C.R., and Ember, M. 2001, Cross-Cultural Research Methods, AltaMira Press, Walnut Creek.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Melvin Ember
    • 1
  • Carol R. Ember
    • 1
  1. 1.Human Relations Area Files at Yale UniversityNew HavenUSA

Personalised recommendations