Interactive Playback: A Finely Tuned Response

  • Torben Dabelsteen
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 228)


Animal vocal communication is usually interactive when individuals are active at the same time; their acoustic signals influence each other’s behaviour, sometimes resulting in complicated types of vocal co-ordination. The highly variable singing behaviours performed by male blackbirds, Turdus merula, at dawn are a good example of such effects (the general features of blackbird song necessary to understand this example are described in Box I).


Song Type Motif Part Vocal Interaction Test Bird Sound Element 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Torben Dabelsteen
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Population BiologyUniversity of CopenhagenCopenhagen øDenmark

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