Interactive Playback: A Finely Tuned Response
Animal vocal communication is usually interactive when individuals are active at the same time; their acoustic signals influence each other’s behaviour, sometimes resulting in complicated types of vocal co-ordination. The highly variable singing behaviours performed by male blackbirds, Turdus merula, at dawn are a good example of such effects (the general features of blackbird song necessary to understand this example are described in Box I).
KeywordsSong Type Motif Part Vocal Interaction Test Bird Sound Element
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