Measuring Responses of Female Birds to Male Song
It has long been realised that bird song has two principal functions, one in male-male competition, usually for territories and one in attracting and stimulating females (Howard 1920). It follows that investigations of communication via song have two principal audiences to consider, conspecific adult males and conspecific adult females. In particular species, song may be directed especially at one or the other of these audiences, but across all songbirds the two audiences and functions seem to be of similar overall importance.
KeywordsSong Type Female Response Male Song Female Bird Song Repertoire
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