Internal Radiation Dosimetry
In Chapter 12, the effects of radiation on humans were discussed. These effects depend on various factors, such as dose, dose rate, time of exposure, and so on. In this chapter, we will describe the method of calculating absorbed doses in various organs from radionuclides ingested internally, either purposely (e.g., medical procedures) or accidentally. The calculation of radiation dose from internally absorbed radionuclides is detailed next.
KeywordsRadiation Dose Dose Rate Source Volume Fractional Abundance Cumulate Activity
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References and Suggested Readings
- Fourth International Pharmaceutical Dosimetry Symposium. CONF-85113. November 1985; Oak Ridge, Tenn.Google Scholar
- International Commission on Radiological Protection. Radiation dose to patients from radiopharmaceuticals. ICRP 53. New York: Pergamon Press; 1988.Google Scholar
- Kereiakes JG, Rosenstein M. Handbook of Radiation Doses in Nuclear medicine and Diagnostic X-ray. Boca Raton, Fla: CRC Press; 1980.Google Scholar
- Snyder WS, Ford MS, Warner GG, et al. “S” absorbed dose per unit cumulated activity for selected radionuclides and organs. MIRD Pamphlet No. 11. New York: Society of Nuclear Medicine; 1975.Google Scholar
- Snyder WS, Ford MR, Warner GG. Specific absorbed fractions for radiation sources uniformly distributed in various organs of a heterogeneous phantom. MI RD Pamphlet No. 12. New York: Society of Nuclear Medicine; 1977.Google Scholar