Image Formation

  • I. Pitas
  • A. N. Venetsanopoulos
Part of the The Springer International Series in Engineering and Computer Science book series (SECS, volume 84)


An image is a reproduction of a person or a thing, and image formation is the reproduction process. Thus, images are representations of objects, which are sensed through their radiant energy, e.g., light. Therefore, by its definition, image formation requires a radiant source,an object, and a formation system. Radiant sources can be of various kinds (e.g., white light sources, laser systems, X-ray tubes, thermal sources, even acoustic wave sources). Therefore, the physics of image formation can vary accordingly. The nature of the radiation also greatly influences the structure of the formation system. There exist formation systems which are biological (e.g., the vision system of the human and the animals), photochemical (e.g., photographic cameras) or photoelectronic (e.g., TV cameras). Thus it is very difficult to build an image formation model that can encompass this enormous variety of radiation sources and image formation systems. The model described in Figure 3.1.1 is quite general and can be used in various digital image processing and computer vision applications.


Radiant Energy Human Visual System Image Formation Digital Image Processing Impulsive Noise 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. Pitas
    • 1
  • A. N. Venetsanopoulos
    • 2
  1. 1.Aristotelian University of ThessalonikiGreece
  2. 2.University of TorontoCanada

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