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Detection of Culturable and Non-Culturable Vibrio Cholerae 01 in Mexico

  • Marcial Leonardo Lizárraga-Partida
  • Irma Wong-Chang
  • Guadalupe Barrera-Escorcia
  • Alfonso
  • V. Botello
Chapter

Abstract

The seven pandemic of cholera initiated in Indonesia during 1961 and characterized by a new toxigenic biotype, V. cholerae El Tor, has arrived to Peru a South American country, in 1991. Their expansion from Peru to the North and South of the Pacific Ocean was rapid, and in 1992, crossing by the Amazons River, it has arrived to the Atlantic Ocean, and expanded to the North until the Gulf of Mexico (Tauxe et al., 1994). No clear explanation exist how this V. cholerae El Tor arrive to the Port of Chancay in Peru, neither for their dispersion thought the American continent, but in Peru, Vibrio cholerae 01 has been isolated from plankton, and seafood samples (Tamplin and Castillo Perodi, 1991), suggesting that the marine environment was the source of the disease. Cargo ships ballast and other non-potable waters has been signalled as an important factor in the dissemination of epidemic V. cholerae (McCarthy and Khambaty, 1994), but also, according to Colwell (1996), “the association of V. cholerae with zooplankton has proven to be a key factor in the deciphering the global nature of cholera epidemics.”

Keywords

Pacific Ocean Coastal Lagoon American Continent Offshore Water Plankton Sample 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcial Leonardo Lizárraga-Partida
    • 1
  • Irma Wong-Chang
    • 2
  • Guadalupe Barrera-Escorcia
    • 3
  • Alfonso
    • 2
  • V. Botello
    • 2
  1. 1.Centro de Investigación Científica y de Educación Superior de Ensenada (CICESE)EnsenadaMéxico
  2. 2.Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y LimnologiaUNAMMéxico
  3. 3.Unidad Ixtapalapa UAM-1Universidad Autónoma MetropolitanaMéxico

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