Advertisement

Can 250+ Fusions Per Muon be Achieved?

  • S. E. Jones
Part of the Ettore Majorana International Science Series book series (EMISS, volume 33)

Abstract

Nuclear fusion of hydrogen isotopes can be induced by negative muons (μ) in reactions such as:
$$ \mathop {\underleftarrow {\mu - + d + t \to \alpha + n + \mu - }}\limits_N $$
(1)
This reaction is analagous to the nuclear fusion reaction achieved in stars in which hydrogen isotopes (such as deuterium, d, and tritium, t) at very high temperatures first penetrate the Coulomb repulsive barrier and then fuse together to produce an alpha particle (α) and a neutron (n), releasing energy which reaches the earth as light and heat. Life in the universe depends on fusion energy.

Keywords

Fusion Reaction Hydrogen Isotope Cycling Rate Helium Nucleus Muon Capture 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    L. Bracci and G. Fiorentini, Phys. Rep. 86: 169 (1982).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    S.E. Jones, Nature 321: 127 (1985).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    V.M. Bystritsky et al., Soviet Phys. JETP 53: 877 (1981).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    S.E. Jones et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 51: 1757 (1983).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    W.H. Breunlich et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 53: 1137 (1984).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    S.E. Jones et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 56: 588 (1986).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    W.H. Breunlich et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 58: 329 (1987).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    L.I. Menshikov, and L.I. Ponomarev, JETP Lett. 39: 663 (1984)ADSGoogle Scholar
  9. L.I. Menshikov, and L.I. Ponomarev, JETP Lett. 42: 13 (1985).ADSGoogle Scholar
  10. 9.
    A.V. Matveenko and L.I. Ponomarev, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 59: 1593 (1970) [Sov. Phys. JETP 32: 871 (1971)].Google Scholar
  11. 10.
    S.S. Gerstein and L.I. Ponomarev, Phys. Lett. 72B: 80 (1977).Google Scholar
  12. 11.
    W.H. Breunlich et al., International School of Physics of Exotic Atoms, 4th Course, Erice, Sicily, March 31 to April 6, 1984.Google Scholar
  13. 12.
    W.H. Breunlich et al., paper presented by P. Kammel, P.oc. International Symposium on Muon-Catalyzed Fusion, Tokyo, Japan, Sept. 1–3, 1986.Google Scholar
  14. 13.
    Yu. Petrov, Proc. International Symposium on Muon-Catalyzed Fusion, Tokyo, Japan, Sept. 1–3, 1986.Google Scholar
  15. 14.
    K. Nagamine et al., ibid.Google Scholar
  16. 15.
    L.I. Menshikov and L.I. Ponomarev, Phys. Lett. 167B: 141 (1986).Google Scholar
  17. 16.
    S.E. Jones, Proc. International Symposium on Muon-Catalyzed Fusion, Tokyo, Japan, Sept. 1–3, 1986.Google Scholar
  18. 17.
    A.N. Anderson et al., in Proc. Muon-Catalyzed Fusion Workship, Jackson Hole, Wyoming, 1984, ed. S. E. Jones (EG zhaohuan G, Idaho Falls, Idaho, 1984); A. J. Caffrey et al., ibid.Google Scholar
  19. 18.
    S.O. Dean, “Muon Catalysis of Fusion Reactions,” NTIC Conf-661115–1, November 2, 1966.Google Scholar
  20. 19.
    S.I. Vinitskii et al., Sov. Phys. JETP, 47: 444 (1978).ADSGoogle Scholar
  21. 20.
    Yu. Petrov, Nature 285: 466 (1980);Google Scholar
  22. Yu. Petrov, Atomkernenergie-Kerntechnik 46: 25 (1985).Google Scholar
  23. 21.
    R.C. Miller and R.A. Krakowski, Proc. Muon-Catalysed Fusion Workshop, Jackson Hole, Wyoming, 1984, ed. S. E. Jones (EG zhaohuan G, Idaho Falls, Idaho, 1984 ); A. J. Caffrey et al., ibid.Google Scholar
  24. 22.
    S. Eliezer, T. Tajima, and M.N. Rosenbluth, Preprint no. DOE-ET-53088223, Inst. Fusion Studies (1986).Google Scholar
  25. 23.
    J. Rafelski, International School of Physics of Exotic Atoms, Erice, Italy, March 25 to April 5 1979; Ref. TH.2679-CERN.Google Scholar
  26. 24.
    M.K. Wu et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 58: 908 (1987).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 25.
    M. Jandel, M. Danos and J. Rafelski, CERN Preprint (1987).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. E. Jones
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physics and AstronomyBrigham Young UniversityProvoUSA

Personalised recommendations