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Matrix Interactions Regulating Myelinogenesis in Cultured Oligodendrocytes

  • Leonard H. Rome
  • Michael C. Cardwell
  • Phyllis N. Bullock
  • Steven P. Hamilton
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 265)

Abstract

Myelin is a membrane unique to the nervous system that is deposited in segments along selected nerve fibers. Myelin functions as an insulator to increase the velocity of impulses transmitted between the cell body of a nerve and its target. In the central nervous system (CNS) myelin is produced by oligodendroglial cells. Each cell extends numerous processes that ensheathe segments of several different axons simultaneously. A different mechanism of myelination appears to occur in the peripheral nervous system where Schwann cells myelinate only single segments of single axons. Other differences are seen between Schwann cells and oligodendroglia such as morphology, growth factor requirements, extracellular matrix involvement and composition of the myelin produced.

Keywords

Schwann Cell Myelin Membrane Growth Factor Requirement Schwann Cell Myelination Schwann Cell Differentiation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leonard H. Rome
    • 1
  • Michael C. Cardwell
    • 1
  • Phyllis N. Bullock
    • 1
  • Steven P. Hamilton
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biological Chemistry, and the Mental Retardation Research CenterUCLA School of MedicineLos AngelesUSA

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